This inlaid goat’s head was made in the Early Dynastic III (2550–2250 BCE) in Iraq. The range of the markhor goat, known for its spiraling horns, has historically covered Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India. This piece, created by lost-wax casting, is one of two goat heads acquired during the 1899–1900 campaign at Nippur.
Penn Museum Object #29-20-3
See this and other objects like it in the Penn Museum Online Collections Database.