University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
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Objects

Mural Painting Section

Mural Painting Section

Object Number:C492
Place Name:China, Shanxi, Hongtong, Guangshengsi
Period:Ming Dynasty
Culture: Chinese

Description

The central figure in this mural is Tejaprabha, the Buddha of Blazing Light, who protects against natural calamities. He is sometimes paired with Bhaisajyaguru, the Healing Buddha, and is identified by a gold wheel in his hand and the title of the sutra held by one of his accompanying bodhisattvas. Other celestial deities, attendants, monks, and worshippers surround him.

This section contains the central Buddha image with worshippers at the bottom. This is one section of a wall painting, the other sections are C493, C494, C495 and C692.

Mural Painting

Mural Painting

Object Number:C688
Place Name:China, Shanxi, Hongtong, Guangshengsi
Period:Ming Dynasty
Culture: Chinese

Description

Mural painting from temple wall. Complete wall, total of 23 sections. The central figure in this mural is Bhaisajyaguru, the Healing or Medicine Buddha. He is associated with longevity and guards against untimely death, nightmares, evil apparitions, vicious animals, robbers, thieves, and invading states. The Bodhisattvas of the Moon and Sun, identified by the aureoles or circular lights around their heads, form a triad with the Buddha.

Bhaisajyaguru is also accompanied by the Twelve Guardian Generals who represent the Buddha's twelve vows. The Generals make offerings to the Buddha so he will grant their wishes and free them from suffering. They have pledged to protect those who inform others about Bhaisajyaguru.

Worshippers turned to this image to try and visualize themselves in paradise, a beautiful place with jeweled trees, palaces, lotus ponds, musicians, and dancers. Some believed that worshippers could be reborn in paradise by simply reciting the name of Buddha Amitabha rather then through meditation and austerities.

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