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Wreath

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Object Number:
B17711
Current Location:
Collections storage
Provenience:
Iraq
Ur
Archaeology Area:
PG 800
Section:
Near Eastern
Materials:
Shell
Gold
Lapis
Carnelian
Description:
CBS Register: U.10936-10934 (ribbon) Queen Shubad's headdress. fourth crown. 14 gold flowers. inlaid petals. blue lapis and paste. 13 groups of willow leaves of gold, with tip of carnelian, 3 strings, gold, laps and ribbon.
-The top wreath of Puabi. Here three willow leaves are gathered 11 times, and two are gathered twice. In between the gathered leaves are lapis and paste flowers (13 of them) which have alternating lapis and paste petals around a gold center with a lapis bead at the center of that. The flowers themselves are gold. All of the willow leaves are tipped in a carnelian ring, but for one which is missing it. [and one, which is broken] . Unlike the poplar leaves on her other crowns, these are not one piece of gold, but the central leaf seems to be the solid one that is folded over on itself for the bead joiner. There are three holes created, which mean there are three strings of beads between each element. There are also three holes through the flowers, again, creating three strands between element. the pattern appears to be: top strand, alternating gold and lapis balls; middle strand: alternating gold and lapis squat biconical beads; and the bottom strand has alternating gold and lapis pendants separated by a small lapis ball. There are clearly acceptions to this throughout, but this is the basic pattern.
Other Number:
U.10936   -   Field No SF
U.10934   -   Field No SF

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Ancient Mesopotamia: The Royal Tombs of Ur (1983 - 1998)
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Iraq's Ancient Past: Rediscovering Ur's Royal Cemetery ( Oct 2009 - Jun 2010)
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Bibliography:

[Book] Roaf, Michael. 1990. Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East. 238. : Page/Fig./Plate: 93
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[Book] Quick, Jennifer. 2004. Magnificent Objects from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. : Page/Fig./Plate: 147
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[Catalogue] Zettler, Richard L. & Horne, Lee C. 1998. Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur. : Page/Fig./Plate: 90
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[Catalogue] Aruz, Joan. 2003. Art of the First Cities: The Third Millenium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. : Page/Fig./Plate: 110-111
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[Book] Dorling Kindersley Limited. 2014. History of the World in 1,000 Objects. : Page/Fig./Plate: 25
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