University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
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Object Number: 29-69-3
Current Location: Collections storage
Culture:Indian
Kushan
Provenience: India
Mathura
Date Made: 2nd Century
Early Date: 100
Late Date: 199
Section:Asian
Materials:Mathura Sandstone
Red Sandstone
Technique:Carved
Iconography:Yaksha
Height: 113.5cm
Width: 25.8cm
Thickness: 8.8cm
Credit Line:Purchased from H. Kevorkian, 1923
Other Number1 - Other Number

Description

This door jamb fragment was most likley originally part of a Jain or Buddhist Shrine at the ancient site of Mathura. As preserved, it displays three scenes, from bottom to top these are: a figure of a seated male fertility deity (yaksha) with moutstache, who holds a club and a cup; a man and a woman finely dressed, the man holding a garland of flowers and the woman with her hands raised in the gesture of adoration (anjali); and still another couple almost identical to the one below. The two couples represent devotees who come to honor and worship the deity of a now lost shrine. The presence of the yaksha at the bottom indicates that the fertility gods of the common people have also been incorporated into the cult. The shrine that this jamb decorated was probably made out of brick and has since disappeared. Thus this jamb, along with other similar fragments of Kushan doorways, provides valuable evidence for the existence of early temples and the worship of images from a period three centuries before the age of great temple building.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Southeast Asian Gallery (1987 - 1992)View Objects in Exhibition
Southeast Asian Gallery ( Sep 1992 - Jul 1997)View Objects in Exhibition
Sharpe Entrance: Iran and India ( Nov 1997 - 2001)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: 56View Objects cited in this Publication

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