University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
76648

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77053
Object Number: 29-96-329
Current Location: Japan Gallery
Currently On Display
Culture:Japanese
Buddhist
Provenience: Japan
Period: Edo Period (uncertain)
Meiji Period (uncertain)
Date Made: 19th Century
Early Date: 1800
Late Date: 1899
Section:Asian
Materials:Wood
Gilt
Metal
Turquoise (uncertain)
Coral (uncertain)
Technique:Carved
Gilded
Iconography:Monju
Height: 57cm
Width: 38cm
Credit Line:Bequest of Maxwell Sommerville, 1904

Description

Monju (Sanskrit: Manjusri), the bodhisattva of wisdom and guardian of the sacred doctrine, is an important divinity in the Buddhist pantheon. In his right hand he carries the sword of knowledge which cleaves the clouds of ignorance. In his other hand he carries a sutra to symbolize his wisdom. Although Monju will sometimes form the center of an altar, he is frequently paired with Fugen. The two usually form a triad with Sakyamuni, the Historical Buddha, or Dainichi, the Cosmic Buddha. Carved gilded wood image wearing monk's robes with gilded metal openwork crown and necklace with dangles and turquoise and coral beads. Seated in vajrasana, with bottoms of feet facing upward. Right hand lowered with sword pointing up. Left hand raised to chest level holding scroll. The mandorla is 29-96-331C. The lotus base is 29-96-331A and B. The figure sits on the back of a lion (29-96-330) which stands on a base (29-96-331D).


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Collection of Japanese Buddhist Art (1899)View Objects in Exhibition
Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition (12 Dec 1985 - 21 Oct 2012)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Catalogue] Lyons, Elizabeth, et al. 1985. Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition. : Page/Fig./Plate: 9,10View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Sommerville, Maxwell. 1904. Monograph of the Buddhist Temple in the Free Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania. 1-47. : Page/Fig./Plate: 12View Objects cited in this Publication

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