University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: 46-6-29
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: North Carolina
Big Cove
Culture Area: Southeast
Horse Chestnut
Credit Line:Cherokee Expedition; Frank G. Speck and John G. Witthoft, 1946


Smooth pointed stick, grip tapering to rounded point. Darker stained band about the middle. Wood of horse chestnut. "Used in warriors dance when celebrating return of warriors from war path with scalp -- men who were brave enough to attack an enemy with the club only, no gun or axe. The warriors would dance with this club and relate their deed. Red ends of club represent "blood", the black center represents "anger", red dye is poke berry juice, black is charcoal and grease and water." Obtained from West Long, Big Cove, Cherokee.

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