Egypt (Sphinx) Gallery
From palace of Merenptah
King Merenptah is shown in a smiting pose defeating Asiatic enemies. The lioness bounds forward to assist. The King is flanked by an anthropomorphic standard bearing a hieroglyphic text. Before the king are 2 columns of text with his names in cartouches. Above the smiting scene are the ends of two columns of large hieroglyphs. The king wears the crown of upper and lower Egypt. The scene is historical, for Merenptah's armies fought in theLevant, but also symbolic. It represents the royal ideology of pharaoh dominant over all foreigners and provides magical protection against supernatural evil that might enter through the side doorway in which the jamb was set.
Current & Past Exhibitions:
Man and Animals: Living, Working and Changing Together (04 Oct 1984 - 30 Mar 1985)
Searching for Ancient Egypt: (1997 - 1997)
[Book] Silverman, David P. 1997. Searching for Ancient Egypt: Art, Architecture and Artifacts from the University of Pennsylvania Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: 166/50A
[Book] Thomas, Nancy. The American Discovery of Ancient Egypt. : Page/Fig./Plate: 186-187/87
[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum.
: Page/Fig./Plate: 24/14
[Book] Porter, Bertha & Moss, Rosalind L. 1964. The Theban Necropolis Vol II. Vol II. Part 2. : Page/Fig./Plate: 856
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