University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: 2003-42-13
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: Thailand
Period: 19th century
Date Made: 1880 - 1889
Early Date: 1880
Late Date: 1889
Ordination Rites
Credit Line:Gift of the Philadelphia Commercial Museum (also known as the Philadelphia Civic Center Museum), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2003
Other Number1995.X.20265 - Other Number


A protective text (raksa) in verse giving instructions on warding off various ills, followed by instructions related to entry into monastic life. The manuscript is incomplete. Entered museum with label from the Civic Center Museum. In Thai (Thai and Khmer). Written in 4 lines per segment. Written on black khoi paper in yellow ink and chalk (Khmer script); folded concertina- or accordion-style. Upper cover attached, plain, with title; lower cover missing. Probably written in the 1880s.

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