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Stela

Object Number:
C447B
Current Location:
Culture:
Chinese
Buddhist
Provenience:
China
Henan
Jiaozuo
Chi Hsien Monastery
Period:
Wei Dynasty
Date Made:
546 AD
Early Date:
546
Late Date:
546
Section:
Asian
Materials:
Limestone
Technique:
Carved
Inscribed
Painted
Low relief
Iconography:
Sakyamuni
Kanthaka
Birth of Sakyamuni
Baptism of Buddha
Life of the Buddha
Horse
Dragon
Landscape
Attendants
Buddhist Deities
Earth Deities
Censer
Description:
Carved grey limestone stela with traces of color. Standing Sakyamuni Buddha in varada and abhaya mudras. Sakyamuni is the historical Buddha. Born as Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE, he preached to his followers that it was possible to break the endless cycle of birth and rebirth through enlightenment. The backside of the Buddha has an inscription that gives the date and place of origin of the staute as well as scences that depict the early life of the Budhha. The Buddha's miraculous birth from his mother's hip is shown by his emergence from his mother's sleeve. Other scences illustrate deities receiving the newborn Buddha. The Buddha is carved in high relief against a mandorla with earth dieties bearing censers, apsaras and flames in low relief. Back is carved with scenes of the Buddha's nativity, baptism, the "seven steps" and the birth of Kanthaka, the Buddha's horse. The date, provenience and names of donors are inscribed below. Inscription states it was made on the 8th day of the 2nd moon of the 4th year of Wuding of Great Wei (March 25, 546 CE) by the priests of the Ch'i-Hsien monastery of Hwai-Chow. The ancient site of this city is in the S.W. of the modern Wu-Chi District, Hwai Ch'ing prefecture, Henan.
Credit Line:
Purchased from A. G. Worch
Other Number:
Getz 13   -   Other Number

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968)
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Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)
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Bibliography:

[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. 38 (5): 83-95. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 90, Fig. 23
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[Book] Seckel, Dietrich. 1957. Buddhistische Kunst Ostasiens. : Page/Fig./Plate: Plate LV (back)
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[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 34-35
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[Book] Siren, Osvald. 1925. Chinese sculpture from the fifth to the fourteenth century; over 900 specimens in stone, bronze, lacquer and wood, principally from northern China. : Page/Fig./Plate: Plates 184, 185
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[Book] Ashton, Leigh. 1924. An Introduction to the Study of Chinese Sculpture. : Page/Fig./Plate: pl. 55
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[Article] Bishop, Charles W. 1916. Notes on Chinese Statuary. The Museum Journal. Volume VII (No. 3): 152-177. : Page/Fig./Plate: 152-177, fig. 160, 161
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[Book] Getz, John. 1916. Exhibition of Oriental Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 13
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