119480
119484
119433
119493
119442
119494
120279
53636
29179
 
Object is on Display
New Search

Stela

Object Number:
C429
Current Location:
China Gallery
Culture:
Chinese
Provenience:
China
Hebei
Xiangtangshan
Period:
Northern Qi Dynasty
Date Made:
575 AD
Early Date:
575
Late Date:
575
Section:
Asian
Materials:
Stone
Technique:
Carved
Iconography:
Buddhas
Sakyamuni Buddha
Prabhutaratna
Manjusri
Vimalakirti
Bodhisattvas
Bodhisattva Maitreya
Attendants
Animals
Dragons
Stupa
Description:
Tall thin slab slightly rounded at top. Dark limestone weathered a golden brown. Both obverse and reverse are in three registers with niches containing Buddhas and bodhisattvas. Inscription on obverse gives date: "6th year of Wu Ping of the Chi Dynasty" (May 3, 575 A.D.) Obverse shows Tushita Heaven at the top with Maitreya flanked by monks and bodhisattvas and Shakyamuni and Prabuhtaratna Buddha in a small stupa above. The scene in the middle depicts a Buddha and a crowned bodhisattva with monks and bodhisattvas on either side. Between them stands a Buddha. Below this is a crowned bodhisattva underneath two trees flanked by monks, bodhisattvas, and pratyekabuddhas. The reverse side depicts Sukhavati, Amitabha Buddha's paradise, at the top, with reborn souls appearing in the foliage above the Buddha. In the center Vimalakirti, a Buddhist layman, holds a fan as he debates with Manjusri, the Bodhisattva of Wisdom amid a group of seated monks. Below this is a scene from the Lotus Sutra, a fundamental text of Mahayana Buddhism, showing Prabhutaratna and Sakyamuni Buddhas preaching together side by side. The sides of the stela show eight buddhas, a standing maitreya (with crown) and standing shakyamuni buddha with six ancient Buddhas beneath them (three on each side). Probably from the Xiangtangshan caves in Hebei province.
Height:
2.13m
Credit Line:
Purchased from H. Kevorkian

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)
View Objects in this Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Catalogue] Tsiang, Katherine R. 2010. Echoes of the past : the Buddhist cave temples of Xiangtangshan. : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 226; pg. 232-3 cat. 33
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. 38 (5): 83-95. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 89, Fig. 22
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue] Lyons, Elizabeth, et al. 1985. Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition. : Page/Fig./Plate: 22
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 39, Fig. 31
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Warner, Langdon. 1936. Chinese Sculpture at London. The American Magazine of Art. 29 (3) : Page/Fig./Plate: 157-175, fig. 6
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1935. The Museum's Loan to Burlington House ( for International Exhibition of Chinese Art held in London 1935-36). The University Museum Bulletin. 6 (1) : Page/Fig./Plate: 17-21, pl. 6
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue] Royal Academy of Arts. 1935. Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 214, No. 2496; Pg. 231, 2496A-B (illustration)
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1931. An Early Chinese Sculptured Stela of 575 A.D. Eastern Art. Volume III : Page/Fig./Plate: 73-109, figs. 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 19, 20, 24, 34, 36, 37, 38.
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Fernald, H. E. 1926. Ancient Chinese Musical Instruments. The Museum Journal. Volume XVII (No. 4): 325-371. : Page/Fig./Plate: 325-371
View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] 1924. Chinese Sculpture. The Museum Journal. Volume XV (No. 4): 258-287. : Page/Fig./Plate: 258-287, pls. 6, 19.
View Objects cited in this Publication

You may also be interested in these objects:



See a problem? Let us know online.collections@pennmuseum.org

Select objects to add to My Finds list using



Clear List Next - View List
My Finds