Lecture given by C. Brian Rose, Ph.D., Peter C. Ferry Curator-in-Charge, Mediterranean Section
Each of the "wonders" in the ancient world was intended to symbolize the builder's political and economic power, and to serve as a template for future monuments to such power. In most cases they succeeded: the statue of Olympian Zeus was used as a model for portraits of Napoleon and George Washington, while the Colossus of Rhodes influenced the design of the Statue of Liberty. This was no less true for the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, constructed for King Mausolus during the mid fourth century BC in southwestern Turkey (modern Bodrum). Created by the leading sculptors and architects of the Late Classical period, the design of the mausoleum was so successful that it was repeatedly used for buildings commemorating the burials of famous politicians, such as Grant's Tomb, while the word for a monumental tomb in most languages is "mausoleum", named after King Mausolus.
Lecture with advance payment
$5 General Admission
$2 Penn Museum Members
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