African Section Research at the Penn Museum

Smugglers' Cave is one of the key sites of the Aterian stone tool industry with modern human fossils, shell beads, and stemmed stone tools. The Penn Museum began excavations there in 2006.

The Elmina Bioarchaeological Project focuses on of the most important archaeological sites in Africa and spans the period of European contact, trade, and colonization.

Who are the Swahili? Many avenues of research indicate that the cultural, technological, and biological ties of the famous trading peoples of the East African coast are more complex than previously imagined.

The Laikipia Plateau of Kenya, East Africa, was home to some of our earliest ancestors. Overlooking the Great Rift Valley, often referred to as the "cradle of mankind," it has evidence of hominid occupation from the Early Stone Age to the present.

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