Mediterranean Section Research at the Penn Museum

Gordion is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Near East, royal capital of King Midas and the place where Alexander the Great was said to have cut the famous Gordian Knot.

This project consists of an excavation and exploration of the environment and resources of the Bronze Age and historical harbor settlement of Priniatikos Pyrgos, located in the west-central Gulf of Mirabello area, eastern Crete. Goals of this project include documenting the cultural history, trade contacts, and industries of the region from the Neolithic through the Venetian and Ottoman periods.

Gordion (Turkey) Paleoethnobotanical and "Ecopark" Project: Appreciating plants in Central Anatolia.

The Roman Peasant Project seeks to uncover the lived experience of the peasantry in the Roman period: their diet, economic activities, and social networks. We exploit a combination of field survey, geophysical exploration and targeted, rescue-style excavation, and place these results alongside evidence gleaned from historical, zoo-archaeological, archaeo-botanical and geological sources. Our aim is to produce 'thick descriptions' of the lives of the poorest rural inhabitants of this world, who formed perhaps as much as 90% of the population of the Mediterranean in antiquity.

The archaeological and ethnohistorical survey found major shifts in the settlement patterns of the island. The Punic and Roman periods developed a landscape of several urban centers within a countryside of villas and farms.

Saronic Harbors Archaeological Research Project (SHARP) focuses on Kalamianos, a Mycenaean harbor town of the 13th century BCE, unique for the extensive surface preservation of architectural foundations and walls. Kalamianos may have been Mycenae’s main Saronic harbor, and is perhaps the Eionai listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships.

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