Mediterranean Section Research at the Penn Museum

This project consists of an excavation and exploration of the environment and resources of the Bronze Age and historical harbor settlement of Priniatikos Pyrgos, located in the west-central Gulf of Mirabello area, eastern Crete. Goals of this project include documenting the cultural history, trade contacts, and industries of the region from the Neolithic through the Venetian and Ottoman periods.




6000 BCE through the early 19th century CE


  • Dr. Barbara J. Hayden, University of Pennsylvania
  • Dr. Metaxia Tsipopoulou (24th Ephoreia, Ministry of Culture, Greece)

Project Overview

The Priniatikos Pyrgos Project is the result of three decades of fieldwork and research within a 50-square kilometer area of eastern Crete that flanks the central to western side of the broad Gulf of Mirabello1. Priniatikos Pyrgos is a coastal promontory located in a broad sandy embayment directly north of Kalo Chorio village and the Istron River valley. The estuary of the Istron River is located directly east of Priniatikos Pyrgos, set in a rich deltaic floodplain with deep soil, abundant vegetation, and water. The coastal harbor settlement located on Priniatikos Pyrgos extends eastward, to encompass the next large promontory of Nisi Pandeleimon, and involves several millennia of occupation, from the Neolithic through the Venetian/Ottoman periods.

Visit the Priniatikos Pyrgos website

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