From the kitchen of Midas...feast recipes

funerary feast of king midas

.introduction
.banquet furnishings
.remains of a feast
.served at the banquet?
.european cuisine
acknowledgments +
bibliography
.
links

Patrick McGovern examining the world's oldest wine jar...
Patrick McGovern examining the world's oldest wine jar in his archaeometry lab at the UPM.

Patrick E. McGovern is the Scientific Director of Penn Museum's Biomolecular Archaeology Laboratory, a Research Project Manager in the Near East Section of the Penn Museum, and an Adjunct Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. He has been a pioneer in the rapidly developing field of Biomolecular Archaeology, which is opening up new vistas on human biocultural development. He has published extensively on ancient dyes, fermented beverages, pottery technology, and glass colorants. As a Research Associate in the Near East Section of the Penn Museum, he has directed excavations in Jordan and published Museum monographs on the Baq`ah Valley Project and Beth Shan.

Patrick McGovern thanks—
Drs. Elizabeth Simpson, Keith DeVries, Robert C. Henrickson, Ellen L. Kohler, Erle Leichty, Machteld J. Mellink, Naomi F. Miller, Rudolph H. Michel, and G. Kenneth Sams, the current director of the Gordion Project. The research was made possible by the first Museum grant in "New Technology" from the J.M. Kaplan Fund. The recent chemical analyses of Mycenaean and Minoan pottery were done in collaboration with Drs. C. Holley Martlew and Yannis Tzedakis, with support from the European Union.

Bibliography
DeVries, K.
1980. "Greeks and Phrygians in the Early Iron Age." In From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young, ed. K. DeVries, pp. 33-50. University of Pennsylvania Museum Papers, vol. 1. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum.

Evershed, R.P., S. J. Vaughan, S.N. Dudd, and J.S. Soles 1997. "Fuel for Thought?: Beeswax in Lamps and Conical Cups from Late Minoan Crete." Antiquity 71:979-85.

McGovern, P.E.
1999. "Retsina, Mixed Fermented Beverages, and the Cuisine of Pre-Classical Greece." In Minoans and Mycenaeans: Flavours of Their Time, ed. Y. Tzedakis and H. Martlew, pp. 206-09. Athens: Greek Ministry of Culture and National Archaeological Museum. McGovern, P.E., S.J. Fleming, and S.H. Katz, eds.

1995. The Origins and Ancient History of Wine. Luxembourg: Gordon and Breach. McGovern, P.E., D.L. Glusker, R.A. Moreau, A. Nuez, C.W. Beck, E. Simpson, E.D. Butrym, L.J. Exner, and E.C. Stout

1999. "A Funerary Feast Fit for King Midas." Nature 402 (Dec. 23):863-64. McGovern, P.E., U. Hartung, V.R. Badler, D.L. Glusker, and L.J. Exner

1997. "The Beginnings of Winemaking and Viniculture in the Ancient Near East and Egypt." Expedition 39(1): 3-21. Michel, R.H., P.E. McGovern, and V.R. Badler

1992. "Chemical Evidence for Ancient Beer." Nature 360 (Nov. 5):24. Moorey, P.R.S.

1980. "Metal Wine Sets in the Ancient Near East." Iranica Antiqua 15:181-87. National Archaeological Museum Pain, S.

1999. "Greek Grog." New Scientist 164:2214 (Nov. 27): 54-57. Roller, L.

1984. "The Legend of Midas." Classical Antiquity 2:256-71. Sams, G.K.

1977. "Beer in the City of Midas." Archaeology 30:108-115. Sherratt, A.

1987. "Cups That Cheered." In Bell Beakers of the Western Mediterranean, ed. W.H. Waldren and R.C. Kennard, pp. 81-114. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. Simpson, E.

1990. " 'Midas' Bed' and a Royal Phrygian Funeral." Journal of Field Archaeology 17:69-87.

1996. "Phrygian Furniture from Gordion." In The Furniture of Western Asia: Ancient and Modern, ed. G. Herrmann, pp. 187-208. Mainz: P. von Zabern.

Tzedakis, Y., and H. Martlew, eds.
1999. Minoans and Mycenaeans: Flavours of Their Time; National Archaeological Museum, 12 July-27 November 1999. Athens: Greek Ministry of Culture and National Archaeological Museum.

Young, R.S.
1981. Three Great Early Tumuli. The Gordion Excavation Final Reports, vol. 1. University Museum Monograph 43. Philadelphia: University Museum.


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