University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Author: Rodney S. Young

The Gordion Tomb

The successful search at Gordion in Turkey for the tomb of a king who reigned in the eighth century before Christ.

By: Rodney S. Young

The Museum expedition first went to work at Gordion in 1950. Always before the eyes of its members stood the biggest of the grave mounds, some 165 feet in height and covering an area of more than 55,000 square yards, a dominant feature of the local landscape not easily overlooked. This huge artificially-heaped mound served […]


Phrygian Construction and Architecture

By: Rodney S. Young

The traveller in Near Eastern lands cannot help but be struck by the hundreds of ancient mounds–Tels or Tepes or Huyuks, as they are called locally–which dot every landscape, from Teheran to Baghdad to Ankara. When he alights at one which is being dug by archaeologists, as at Gordion, his first question almost invariably is […]

Footnote on Griffins


By: Rodney S. Young

Egnatia lay on the Adriatic coast of southern Italy a few miles above Brundisium (Brindisi) and at the point where the direct route from Rome (later the Via Traiana) first met the eastern sea. Perhaps in early times it was an important seaport and a jumping-off place, later supplanted by Brindisi, for voyages across the […]


Phrygian Construction and Architecture II

By: Rodney S. Young

An earlier essay in Expedition (Vol. 2, No. 2, Winter 1960) attempted to answer the favorite question of visitors to almost any Near Eastern site: “How on earth did these ancient settlements get buried so deeply?” The answer was, of course, that the ancient mounds which dot the landscape grew up through the accumulation of debris […]

Expedition News – Fall 1963


By: Froelich Rainey and Rodney S. Young and Samuel Noah Kramer and William R. Coe

South Asia The Museum’s Director, Dr. Rainey, and Professor W. Norman Brown, Chairman of the South Asia Regional Studies Department of the University of Pennsylvania, announce the opening of a new program devoted to the archaeology of South Asia (India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Afghanistan). Dr. George F. Dales has received the joint appointment as Assistant Curator […]

Early Mosaics at Gordion


By: Rodney S. Young

Few excavators are inclined to utter cries of joy when they happen upon a mosaic floor. Mosaics cannot in good conscience be simply ripped up to  get them out of the way, and in the way they usually are, especially at sites with any depth of stratification. If they are left in place, deeper digging […]

Operation Gordion

Gold Octodrachm: obverse, portrait of Seleuceus III

By: Rodney S. Young

After nearly twenty years of activity at Gordion it is perhaps well to look back, to recall the reasons for our choice of the site, to weigh results against expectations, and to assess what we have learned. In the fall of 1948 we had four sites in mind, all of them capital cities in ancient […]

Phrygian Furniture From Gordion

Collapsed tables in the King's Tomb, and bronze bowl.

By: Rodney S. Young

Near the beginning of his history Hero­dotus tells us that “Midas son of Gordios, king of Phrygia was the first foreigner whom we know to have sent offerings to Delphi. Midas dedicated the royal throne whereon he was accustomed to sit and administer justice, an object well worth looking at.” In remarking that Midas’ throne […]