T. E. Lawrence

He had indeed a cool indomitable courage…he did not mind the risk, and the bluff appealed to him immensely.
-Woolley on Lawrence (his work during WWI)
From the outset he was excellent with the Arab workmen. In a way he was rather like them, for the fun of the thing appealed to him as much as did its scientific interest.
- Woolley on Lawrence (on his work at the Carchemish excavation)

Thomas Edward Lawrence (commonly referred to as T.E.) was born in Wales on August 16, 1888, the second of five sons. After studying medieval architecture at Jesus College in Oxford, Lawrence went on to work as an archaeologist at the British Museum’s excavations in Carchemish, Syria. At Carchemish, Lawrence worked with Sir Leonard Woolley, who would later go on to excavate the Royal Cemetery at Ur. During World War I, Lawrence served in the Middle East, for the Military Intelligence office. His knowledge of and work with Arabs led him to serve as a liaison between the British and Arabs. He played an important role in the Arab Revolt between 1916-1918, convincing the Arab leaders to work together and follow the British strategy against the Ottoman Turks. Lawrence wrote Seven Pillars of Wisdom, an account of his experiences during the war. He died at the age of 46 from injuries sustained during a motorcycle accident. T.E. Lawrence is probably best known in modern times through the film portrayal of his life, “Lawrence of Arabia.”