THE GLOSSARY

altis: grove

athlete: one who competes for a prize

athlon
: prize

athlos
: contest

dekadrachm
: ten drachmai

diaulos
: a foot race equal to two lenghts of the stadion

dolichos
: a distance race varying from place to place, generally 12 to 24 lengths of the stadion (ca. 1.5 to 3 miles)

drachma
: standard of Greek currency, meaning literally "a handful of spits"

dromos
: running place or racecourse

gymnasion
: place of naked people

halteres
: jumping weights

hellanodikai
: Greek judges

himantes
: boxing gloves

hippodromos
: racecourse for horses

hoplite
: armed soldier

hoplitodromos
: race in armor

keles
: horse race

Nike
: Victory; goddess of victory

palaestra
: place of wrestling

pale
: wrestling

pankration
: an athletic event combining aspects of wrestling and boxing

pantheon
: all the gods

pentathlon
: five contests (discus, javelin, long jump, wrestling, and foot race)

peplos
: a loose outer robe worn by women in ancient Greece

periodonikes
: circuit victor

pugme
: boxing

stadion
: linear distance equal to 600 feet; a foot race 600 feet long; place of athletic contests, literally "the standing place"

tethrippon
: four-horse chariot

tetradrachm
: four drachmai
Did you know...

"Olympos" vs. "Olympia... Mt. Olympos is a mountain in northern Greece, located on the border between Macedonia and Thessaly. It is the tallest mountain in Greece, elevation 2917 m (9570 feet). In Greek mythology Mt. Olympos was the home of the Greek pantheon of Greek gods and goddesses, the “12 Olympian deities.”

Olympia (shown below) was a rural sanctuary in the Western Peloponnesos dedicated to Zeus. It was located 15 km. (7 miles) from the Ionian Sea. The sanctuary was located near the meeting of the Alpheus and Kladeos rivers at the base of the Hill of Kronos.

Penn Museum | 3260 South Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 | www.penn.museum