Timeline Statement & Policies

Penn Museum provides information about its research to the public via this online timeline. As a work in progress, the Museum continuously strives to improve both the quantity and quality of the information displayed here. This process is ongoing and the Museum would welcome your assistance in drawing our attention to any particularly egregious omissions or inaccuracies. If you have any questions or concerns about the information shown here, please email timeline@pennmuseum.org.

Images may not be used for print publication or commercial purposes without written approval from the Penn Museum. To request licensing of an image for print publication or commercial use, or to request publication-quality photography, please email photos@pennmuseum.org.

All information (data, images, and text) on the Penn Museum's website are made available for limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined in the United States copyright laws:

  • Teaching
  • Scholarship
  • Research
  • Critique
  • Commentary
  • Personal communication
  • News reporting

Website users may link to, embed, or download these files for use motivated by private interest only. You are free to copy and adapt the images as long as you credit the Museum: "Courtesy of the Penn Museum." and in no way suggest an endorsement of you or your use of the image or content.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does BP, BCE, and CE mean on the timeline?

“BP” stands for “Before Present” and is used when referring to the far distant past. On this timeline, we use it to refer to the “numbers of years before the present day” (e.g. 100,000 BP = 100,000 years ago).

“BCE” stands for “Before the Common Era” and is used to replace “BC” (Before Christ) and therefore provides a religiously neutral way to reference dates within the Gregorian Calendar.

“CE” stands for “Common Era” and is used to replace “AD” (Anno Domini – “In the year of our Lord”) and therefore provides a religiously neutral way to reference dates within the Gregorian Calendar.

May I use a Penn Museum image for my school report or use in my classroom?

Yes

May I use a Penn Museum image to put on a CD, DVD, or other portable media device?

Yes, if it is for non-commercial, personal, or academic purposes, and the number of copies is limited to five.

May I use a Penn Museum image on my personal webpage, Facebook wall, blog, Twitter feed, or other social media account?

Yes, but images must include the credit line: "Courtesy of the Penn Museum." Please include a link to http://www.penn.museum.

May I use a Penn Museum image on an educational website?

Yes, if the site is non-profit in nature.

May I use a Penn Museum image for a print publication?

Only with permission from the Penn Museum and payment of usage fee. Please email photos@pennmuseum.org.

Can I modify or adapt the images in any way?

Yes, but you must not distort, mutilate, or modify the images in a way that is derogatory or prejudicial to the Penn Museum and its intellectual property. All Penn Museum imagery and content must be represented appropriately and accurately.

Can I modify or adapt the images for an advertisement on the web or in print?

No.

Can I modify or adapt the images to promote Penn Museum programming, research, or editorial content on my website or print advertisement?

Yes.

Contact

For general inquiries:
online.collections@pennmuseum.org

For image requests:
photos@pennmuseum.org

For technical support:
itsupport@pennmuseum.org