University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Nippur

Located in the marshes of southern Mesopotamia, in modern-day Iraq, Nippur was one of the most sacred cities in the ancient Middle East. Between 1889 and 1900, the University of Pennsylvania was the first American institution to carry out archaeological excavations in this region. The expedition to the site was organized by John P. Peters, funded by the Babylonian Exploration Fund, and directed by Peters and Herman V. Hilprecht. It revealed a multi-layer site with a long and complicated history, and, most significantly, a library of inscribed cuneiform tablets that have formed the basis of our understanding of the first literate society in the world, the Sumerians.


1 - 30 of 5,558 Records

Macehead Fragment

B8888

B8888

Museum Object

Brick Stamp

B8750

B8750

Museum Object

Tablet

29-13-889

29-13-889

Museum Object



Tablet

B6043

B6043

Museum Object

This object is on display

Brick Stamp

B7165

B7165

Museum Object

Tablet

B14215

B14215

Museum Object



Tablet

B14172

B14172

Museum Object

Tablet

B5512

B5512

Museum Object

Brick

B8636

B8636

Museum Object



Tablet

B14152

B14152

Museum Object

Brick Stamp

B8764

B8764

Museum Object

Door Socket

B8751

B8751

Museum Object

This object is on display


Door Socket

29-19-1

29-19-1

Museum Object

Tablet

B2150

B2150

Museum Object

Tablet

B13877

B13877

Museum Object



Stela

B9556

B9556

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B2272

B2272

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B13972

B13972

Museum Object

This object is on display


Tablet Fragment

B8176

B8176

Museum Object

Tablet

29-16-55

29-16-55

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B11327

B11327

Museum Object



Tablet Fragment

B2202

B2202

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B2168

B2168

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B13386

B13386

Museum Object



Tablet

B4711

B4711

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B10867

B10867

Museum Object

Tablet

B16106

B16106

Museum Object



Brick Stamp

L-29-309

L-29-309

Museum Object

Tablet

B5304

B5304

Museum Object

Tablet Fragment

B6735

B6735

Museum Object



Record Type:  
On Display:  
3D Model:  
Period:  
more
ur iii [186]
parthian [151]
old babylonian period [117]
kassite [106]
pre-sargonic [76]
neo-babylonian [73]
assyrian [70]
modern [69]
isin-larsa [63]
babylonian [43]
Locus:  
more
tell x debris [15]
surface [11]
tablet hill [11]
west side of shatt en-nil [10]
grave 344 [6]
x [5]
en 13, level iii [4]
general [4]
grave 206 [4]
grave 304, in small vase [4]
grave 86 [4]
tb, dump [4]
archives of marashu sons [3]
east corner of x [3]
grave 18 [3]
grave 299 [3]
grave 341 [3]
loose in s. slope of the hills of the w. side of shatt-en-eil [3]
ta 20, top level [3]
ta 217 xii-1 floor [3]
ta 37, level iii [3]
ta, dump [3]
tb 197, level iv, high fill [3]
tb 277 vii-2 [3]
tb 291 e. side l. x-1 fill [3]
tb general [3]
temple area east - below platform of unbaked bricks [3]
temple area platform? [3]
temple area, east angle below the platform of unbaked bricks [3]
temple area, east near ur engur platform [3]
(ta post-i) [2]
en 18, in front of podium. level iii [2]
en 18, level vi-2 [2]
grave 171; in funerary jar/larnax [2]
grave 209 [2]
grave 304, in vase with cat # 3 [2]
grave 312 [2]
grave 472 [2]
inside 2 bricks below ur engur platform [2]
loose soil south of ruins, west of shatt-en-nil [2]
marashu archives [2]
s.d.l. vi in wall west 3b39 [2]
se iii-e [2]
se/e temple 2-2 [2]
ta 11, burial 125 [2]
ta 127, burial 269, intrusive in level vi - high [2]
ta 174 ix-1 [2]
ta 184 x-1 [2]
ta 205 l. x-3 [2]
ta 226 xii-2 [2]
ta 33, level ii [2]
ta 34, level iii [2]
ta 49, level iii [2]
ta 56, level iii [2]
ta 91, level iv [2]
ta dump [2]
ta general, in fill under vii-1 [2]
ta general, w of 221 xii-1 floor [2]
ta, 61, level iii [2]
ta, surface [2]
ta/ 174 l. x-1 in a dish with tablets [2]
tb 1 [2]
tb 120, level ii-1 [2]
tb 142, level ii, floor 1 [2]
tb 199, intrusive in level iv, fl. b-293 [2]
tb 207, level iv-1 [2]
tb 213, level iv-1 [2]
tb 270, vii 1 floor [2]
tb 277 l. viii-1 [2]
tb 278 l. x-1 [2]
tb 281 ix-1 [2]
tb 282 vii-2 floor [2]
tb 292 l. x-1 fill [2]
tb 299 xi-1 [2]
tb 299, l. x-1 [2]
tb 30, level ii [2]
tb 300 l. x-1 [2]
tb 56, level i, floor [2]
tb dump [2]
tb general ix dump [2]
tb general, se fill above l. v-1 [2]
temple of bel [2]
temple? [2]
west side of shatt en-nil. [2]
"east" exploration [1]
(intrusive ta (se) post-i) [1]
(ta 551112) [1]
(ta post-1) [1]
(ta-post-i) [1]
(tb 64 e1) [1]
(tb 75 e2) [1]
3b9/1 - tbnz intrusive into tb 240 vi [1]
burial 1b137 - intrusive into 7a 10 ii [1]
coffin 167 [1]
east of tb 74, floor "d" [1]
east side of shatt en-nil [1]
en - 3 in layer of debris at floor level i, floor 1 [1]
en 10, level ii [1]
en 13, just below level iv [1]
en 13, level vi-2 [1]
Bibliographic Reference Kind:  
1 - 30 of 5,558 Records