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Located in the marshes of southern Mesopotamia, in modern-day Iraq, Nippur was one of the most sacred cities in the ancient Middle East. Between 1889 and 1900, the University of Pennsylvania was the first American institution to carry out archaeological excavations in this region. The expedition to the site was organized by John P. Peters, funded by the Babylonian Exploration Fund, and directed by Peters and Herman V. Hilprecht. It revealed a multi-layer site with a long and complicated history, and, most significantly, a library of inscribed cuneiform tablets that have formed the basis of our understanding of the first literate society in the world, the Sumerians.

Nippur

1 - 30 of 5,534 Records

Tablet

55-21-357

55-21-357

Tablet

55-21-347

55-21-347



Jar

85-48-626

85-48-626

Jug

B5736

B5736



Weight

53-11-21

53-11-21

Stylus

B6167A

B6167A

Bowl

B10207B

B10207B



Jar

85-48-787

85-48-787

Bowl

85-48-678

85-48-678



Bowl

B10231A

B10231A



Firing Tripod

85-48-354

85-48-354

Stones

85-48-32

85-48-32



Earring

29-56-122

29-56-122

Bowl

51-6-28

51-6-28



Jar

85-48-735

85-48-735

Coin

85-48-977.15

85-48-977.15



Jar

51-6-67

51-6-67



Jug

85-48-774

85-48-774

Bowl

85-48-714

85-48-714



1 - 30 of 5,534 Records
Record Type:  
On Display:  
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Period:  
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ur iii [225]
old babylonian period [205]
parthian [148]
middle babylonian period [94]
pre-sargonic [73]
assyrian [70]
modern [69]
neo-babylonian [67]
isin-larsa [63]
kassite [58]
Locus:  
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tablet hill [18]
temple hill, south end [16]
tell x debris [15]
west side of shatt en-nil [14]
surface [11]
east side of shatt en-nil [7]
grave 344 [6]
x [5]
en 13, level iii [4]
general [4]
grave 206 [4]
grave 304, in small vase [4]
grave 86 [4]
tb, dump [4]
temple library [4]
west side of shatt [4]
archives of marashu sons [3]
east corner of x [3]
grave 18 [3]
grave 299 [3]
grave 341 [3]
loose in s. slope of the hills of the w. side of shatt-en-eil [3]
ta 20, top level [3]
ta 217 xii-1 floor [3]
ta 37, level iii [3]
ta, dump [3]
tb 197, level iv, high fill [3]
tb 277 vii-2 [3]
tb 291 e. side l. x-1 fill [3]
tb general [3]
temple area east - below platform of unbaked bricks [3]
temple area platform? [3]
temple area, east angle below the platform of unbaked bricks [3]
temple area, east near ur engur platform [3]
w side of shatt [3]
(ta post-i) [2]
en 18, in front of podium. level iii [2]
en 18, level vi-2 [2]
found packed with 3n-t909 [2]
grave 171; in funerary jar/larnax [2]
grave 209 [2]
grave 304, in vase with cat # 3 [2]
grave 312 [2]
grave 472 [2]
inside 2 bricks below ur engur platform [2]
loose soil south of ruins, west of shatt-en-nil [2]
s.d.l. vi in wall west 3b39 [2]
se iii-e [2]
se/e temple 2-2 [2]
ta 11, burial 125 [2]
ta 127, burial 269, intrusive in level vi - high [2]
ta 174 ix-1 [2]
ta 184 x-1 [2]
ta 205 l. x-3 [2]
ta 226 xii-2 [2]
ta 33, level ii [2]
ta 34, level iii [2]
ta 49, level iii [2]
ta 56, level iii [2]
ta 91, level iv [2]
ta dump [2]
ta general, in fill under vii-1 [2]
ta general, w of 221 xii-1 floor [2]
ta, 61, level iii [2]
ta, surface [2]
ta/ 174 l. x-1 in a dish with tablets [2]
tb 1 [2]
tb 120, level ii-1 [2]
tb 142, level ii, floor 1 [2]
tb 199, intrusive in level iv, fl. b-293 [2]
tb 207, level iv-1 [2]
tb 213, level iv-1 [2]
tb 270, vii 1 floor [2]
tb 277 l. viii-1 [2]
tb 278 l. x-1 [2]
tb 281 ix-1 [2]
tb 282 vii-2 floor [2]
tb 292 l. x-1 fill [2]
tb 299 xi-1 [2]
tb 299, l. x-1 [2]
tb 30, level ii [2]
tb 300 l. x-1 [2]
tb 56, level i, floor [2]
tb dump [2]
tb general ix dump [2]
tb general, se fill above l. v-1 [2]
temple of bel [2]
temple? [2]
"east" exploration [1]
(intrusive ta (se) post-i) [1]
(ta 551112) [1]
(ta post-1) [1]
(ta-post-i) [1]
(tb 64 e1) [1]
(tb 75 e2) [1]
3b9/1 - tbnz intrusive into tb 240 vi [1]
burial 1b137 - intrusive into 7a 10 ii [1]
coffin 167 [1]
east of tb 74, floor "d" [1]
en - 3 in layer of debris at floor level i, floor 1 [1]
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