University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

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Object Number: E13565
Current Location: Egypt (Sphinx) Gallery
Currently On Display
Provenience: Egypt
Credit Line:The Eckley B. Coxe Jr. Expedition to Mit-Rahineh (Memphis), Egypt; Clarence Stanley Fisher, 1924
Other NumberM4340 - Field No SF


The palace of Merenptah featured relatively small windows set high into the walls. This position limited the amount of bright light and dust which would enter the building. Many elite houses also shared this feature. Not only functional, this window is full of religious symbolism. At the top, protective sphinxes face each other. Below the sphinxes, a row of hawk heads of the sun god Re appear, perhaps highlighting the window’s purpose to let in life-giving sunlight. The bottom half portrays a wooden and reed window inscribed forever in stone. Two rolled-up reed blinds are carved with a lotus flower in the center.


[Book] Porter, Bertha & Moss, Rosalind L. 1981. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings III: Memphis, Part 2. Saqqara to Dahshur. III. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 856View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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