University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number:MS4169
Current Location: Collections Storage
Culture:Minoan
Provenience: Greece
Crete
Gournia
Period: Late Minoan IB
Section:Mediterranean
Materials:Ceramic
Height: 13.8 cm
Outside Diameter:14.4 cm
Credit Line:Gift of the Candia Museum (Herakleion Archaeological Museum); H. B. Hawes, 1904
Other Number:579 (P. Betancourt's 1991 publication) - Other Number

Description

Stemmed cup (a tall semiglobular cup, piriform, with one strap handle); small hole in base; rivet-like pellet on handle at point where it joins the rim. Medium textured, light red (2.5 YR 4/6) to black paint, added red (poorly preserved) paint. Wiped with water and burnished. Band on inside of rim; bands on rim and lower body, with base painted solid; frieze of double axes with pairs of dots between them on shoulder; bottom of base unpainted. Added red: bands below the frieze. Added white: thin bands on the dark bands on the rim, lower body, and base. Restored from fragments; some sherds missing. This shape, with a small hole in the base, would have made a good container for growing plants. An alternative possibility is a use as a rhyton. The type is fairly common in eastern Crete. Examples with friezes of double axes include (among others) Hawes et al. 1908: pl.8, no. 26 (Gournia); Bosanquet and Dawkins 1923: 34, nos. HM 3265 and 1523 (Palaikastro). For other examples of the shape see Dawkins 1903: fig. 17 (Zakros); 1902-1903: 314, fig. 12, no. 1 (Palaikastro); Bosanquet and Dawkins 1923: pl. 17b, and p. 34, with a list of nine others (Palaikastro); Pernier and Banti 1951: 271-275, fig. 171 (Phaistos). The motif is discussed by Niemeier 1980: 29 and fig. 10; 1985: 116-120 and fig. 57.


Bibliography:

[Catalogue, Collection] Silverman, Jean S., and Betancourt, Philip P. 1991. Pottery from Gournia:The Cretan Collection in the University Museum, The University of Pennsylvania.. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: pp. 53-54, no. 579, pl. 17, fig. 20View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Thesis] Silverman, Jean S. 1978. The Gournia Collection in the University Museum: A Study in East Cretan Pottery. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 112, no. 261, fig. 7, no. 7, pl. 21fView Objects related to this Actual Citation

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