University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: NEP27
Current Location: Collections storage
Culture:Islamic
Arabic
Provenience: Iran
Kirman
Manufacture Location: Cairo (uncertain)
Maker: Mahmud Ben El-Husein
Period: Seljuk
Date Made: 1164 AD
Early Date: 1164
Late Date: 1164
Section:Near Eastern
Materials:Paper
Ink
Leather
Iconography:Koran
Length: 42.16cm
Width: 27.94cm
Credit Line:Purchased from Dimitri Andalaft; subscription of Eldridge R. Johnson, 1919

Description

Copied and illuminated in Hamadhan, Iran by Mahmud ibn al-Husayn al- Kirmani, the scribe,1164 CE (H 559). In Arabic with Arabic Gloss. Written in Naskhi. Front matter preserved only partially: pagescript. 17 lines to a page. Richly decorated; Elaborate surah titles and marginal markers. Cream covered heavy paper original; repairs with Venetian paper. Black leather binding, embossed with gold but not original. Contents: Complete text of Qur'an written in black ink, Arabic gloss written in red ink. Between the time of its copying and its donation as waqf (pious donation), found in the margins of folio 2a, by Amīr Ahmad Jāwīsh (d. 1786) to the al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, the manuscript underwent many repairs and emandations. Geometrically elaborated double page finispiece (212c and 213a) bears inscription: written and decorated by Mahmūd ibn al-Husayn al- Kirmānī, the scribe, at the end of the month of Jumada the First, of the year 559 A.H. (April 25, 1164 AD). 215 folios.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Sacred Writings: Extraordinary Texts of the Biblical World (15 Aug 2015 - 07 Nov 2015)View Objects in Exhibition
4th Annual Lawrence J. Schoenberg Symposium on Manuscript Studies in the Digital Age: Writing the East: History and New Technologies in the Study of Asian Manuscript Traditions (22 Oct 2011 - 22 Oct 2011)View Objects in Exhibition
Toward a 'Biography' of a Manuscript: a project in the history of a book (22 Feb 2013)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Article] Negahban, Ezat O. 1989. "Persian Caligraphy: the Development of an Art Form". Expedition: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. 31 (1): 26-39. : Page/Fig./Plate: 30View Objects cited in this Publication
[Journal] Ettinghausen, Richard. "A Signed and Dated Seljuk Qur'an".View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Cole, Blake. An Illuminating Experience. Penn Arts & Sciences Magazine. Spring/Summer 2013: 11.View Objects cited in this Publication

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