University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number:AF815
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: Angola
Credit Line:Purchased from J. F. G. Umlauff, 1912
Other Number:22 - Other Number


Cf. AF823 for form of mouthpiece region. The lug is pierced in the direction of the long axis of the tusk. The original label has "Tuvale", probably a clerical error for "Lovale"; but the prefix Tu- appears in tribal names to the northeast, in the upper Sankuru valley. Whith regard to horns AF815- AF844, Torday says: "Only in exceptional cases are ivory or antelope horns used to produce mosic, although it is quite possible for a skilled player to produce a tune. Commonly they are used for signalling or during relgious, or other ceremonies. Livingstone said ( and Buchner said the same thing) that an ex-slave could at once be recognized by the effect the blow on the Kudu ( antelope) horn produced on him. The slave dealers used these to rally the caravans.

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