University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number:2281
Current Location: Collections Storage
Culture:Late Paleolithic (uncertain)
Jomon (uncertain)
Japanese
Provenience: Japan
Honshu
Kanagawa Prefecture
Yokohama
Period: Late Paleolithic (uncertain)
Jomon (uncertain)
Date Made: Late Paleolithic, Japan - Jomon
Early Date: -30000
Late Date: -400
Section:Asian
Materials:Stone
Technique:Flaked
Chipped
Inscription Language:English Language
Credit Line:Gift of Francis C. Macauley, 1890
Other Number:None - Field No SF
None - Other Number

Description

Adze. Roughly made flat tool with wide rounded cutting edge. Other end is broken in a straight line. Dark stone. Unground adzes may have been used as a hoe for digging and harvesting roots, bulbs and other wild plants. They could also have served as a woodworking tool. They were made from pebbles which were carefully selected for their shape. The cutting edge was created by chipping at either one or both sides to form a sharp edge. The opposite end is usually thicker. Unground adzes appear as early as the Late Paleolithic Period. Bowtie shaped adzes appear in connection with Jomon sites. 2272 and 2281 are broken pieces. In their original form they may have been bowtie shaped. A date of Late Paleolithic to Jomon is assigned to these two pieces until further comparisons with excavated examples can be made.


Bibliography:

[Article] Hutterer, Karl L., and Barnes, Gina L., and Pearson, Richard J., and Maeyama, Kiyoaki, and Akazawa, Takeru. 1986. "Discriminant Function Analysis of Later Jomon Settlements". Windows on the Japanese Past: Studies in Archaeology and Prehistory. Ann Arbor. University of Michigan. pg. 279-292 Type Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 289-290View Objects related to this Type Citation
[Book] Kidder, J. E. 1977. Ancient Japan.. Oxford. Elsevier-Phaidon. Type Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 38View Objects related to this Type Citation

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