University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

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Object Number:40-35-4
Current Location: China & Japan Gallery
Currently On Display
Provenience: China
Period: Han Dynasty
Date Made: Han Dynasty
Early Date: -206
Late Date: 220
Technique:Low relief
Human Figures
Inscription Language:Chinese Language
Credit Line:Exchange with Yamanaka & Company, 1940


Coffin slab made of limestone. In low relief; three carriages each drawn by one horse and carrying two persons; two men on horseback; a horse-drawn carriage carrying one person; a man on horseback. During the Han Dynasty, the horse was prized for its strength, eventually becoming a status symbol. In tombs, the horse drawn carriage was seen as a transport for the deceased into the afterlife. The inscription, which states, "May this dwelling be used for ten thousand years," [Shih wan nien yung chih] indicated the slab was part of the sarcophagus. Broken to the right of the middle.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968) View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966) View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. "The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects". The University Museum Bulletin. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Vol. 9. no. 2-3. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Fig.6View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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