University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
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89487
Object Number: 40-35-1
Current Location: China Gallery
Currently On Display
Culture:Chinese
Provenience: China
Shanxi
Tianlongshan
Period: Tang Dynasty
Date Made: 700 A.D.-750 A.D.
Early Date: 700
Late Date: 750
Section:Asian
Materials:Limestone
Gesso
Paint
Gilding
Technique:Carved
Gesso
Painted
Gilded
Iconography:Virūḍhaka
Zēngcháng Tiān
Sword
Height: 143cm
Credit Line:Exchange with Yamanaka & Company, 1940

Description

Coarse light grey limestone carved statue of Virūḍhaka or Zēngcháng Tiān (Chinese). This lokapala, or celestial guardian king associated with one of the four direction, wears the traditional leather and quilted uniform of a Tang warrior. He is thought to represent the Guardian of the South. Surface has traces of green, red and black painted and gilded gesso. The low base has holes in back for attachment to the floor or wall.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968)View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. Maitreya and Guardians. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (1) : Page/Fig./Plate: 2-8, pls. I-III.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: Figure 25View Objects cited in this Publication

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