University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object TitleA Demon Queller on a Lion
Object Number: C123
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: China
Period: Qing Dynasty
Date Made: 17th Century - 18th Century
Early Date: 1600
Late Date: 1799
Credit Line:Purchased from M. Knoedler & Company, 1916
Other NumberGETZ 66 - Other Number


A demon queller on a lion. Attributed to artist: Sima Kou 司馬冦 (Northern Song) but probably later. The red upflung bats have special meaning here because 'red' and 'abundant' are pronounced as 'hong', 'fortune' and 'bats' are pronounced as fu, therefore the upward flying bats function as a pun or rebus. 洪福齊天, hongfu qitian, or abundant fortune equates with Heaven. Formerly in the collection of John Calvin Ferguson (1866 - 1945 CE).


[Catalogue] Fernald, Helen E. 1922. Handbook of Chinese Paintings in the Collection of the Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 32, No. 16View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue] Getz, John. 1916. The Univesity Museum Exhibition of Oriental Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: 198 no.66View Objects cited in this Publication

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