Sarcophagus Lid

This object is On Display

View All (1) Object Images

Object Number:E16135A
Current Location: Egypt (Mummies Gallery)
Currently On Display
Provenience: Egypt
Date Made: ca. 200 BCE
Early Date: -210
Late Date: -190
Book Of The Dead
Inscription Language:Hieroglyphic
Height: 193 cm
Width: 61 cm
Depth: 40.6 cm
Credit Line:Purchased from D. G. Kelekian, 1926


Sarcophagus lid (A) and box (B). Cherty Limestone. Inscription on front and back; of Pedubastet [catalogue card, 1936]

The owner of this mummiform sarcophagus was a man named Pedibast. On either side of his wig lappets are figures of the cobra goddesses, Nekhbet and Wadjet. The upper part of the coffin is decorated with scenes of various gods and goddesses including Re, Isis, Nephthys and Osiris. In the upper register the god Re appears in the center as a sun disk. The lower register shows the god Osiris in the center depicted as a djed pillar symbolizing stability. Mummiform deities flank him on either side. Seven vertical columns of hieroglyphic spells from The Book of the Dead appear on the lower part of the body, to ensure the deceased’s safe passage into the afterlife. On the inside of the coffin lid is the image of a woman. This figure is the goddess Nut, who represented the ancient Egyptian sky. She was thought to swallow the sun at night and give birth to it daily in the morning. Because of her association with the cyclical rebirth of the sun, she is also connected to the rebirth of the deceased in the afterlife.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Searching for Ancient Egypt: (1997 - 1997) View Objects in Exhibition
Upper Egyptian Gallery (2006) View Objects in Exhibition


[Book] Silverman, David P. 1997. Searching for Ancient Egypt: Art, Architecture and Artifacts from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.. Cornell University Press. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 268-69View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Buhl, M. L. 1953. "Three Egyptian Anthropoid Stone Sarcophagi". Studia Orientalia Doanni Pedersen-Copenhagen. pg. 54 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 54 ff.View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Ranke, Hermann. 1950. "A Guide to the Egyptian Collections". The University Museum Bulletin. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Vol. 15. no. 2-3. pg. 21-109 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 55View Objects related to this Actual Citation

You may also be interested in these objects:

Report problems and issues to digitalmedia@pennmuseum.org.