University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
77575

View All (1) Object Images


Object Number: E16135A
Current Location: Egypt (Mummies) Gallery
Currently On Display
Culture:Ptolemaic
Provenience: Egypt
Period: Thirtieth Dynasty
Date Made: c. 200 BC
Early Date: -210
Late Date: -190
Section:Egyptian
Materials:Limestone
Technique:Inscribed
Iconography:Pedibast
Book Of The Dead
Height: 193cm
Width: 61cm
Depth: 40.6cm
Credit Line:Purchased from D. G. Kelekian, 1926

Description

Sarcophagus lid (A) and box (B). Cherty Limestone. Inscription on front and back; of Pedubastet [catalogue card, 1936]

The owner of this mummiform sarcophagus was a man named Pedibast. On either side of his wig lappets are figures of the cobra goddesses, Nekhbet and Wadjet. The upper part of the coffin is decorated with scenes of various gods and goddesses including Re, Isis, Nephthys and Osiris. In the upper register the god Re appears in the center as a sun disk. The lower register shows the god Osiris in the center depicted as a djed pillar symbolizing stability. Mummiform deities flank him on either side. Seven vertical columns of hieroglyphic spells from The Book of the Dead appear on the lower part of the body, to ensure the deceased’s safe passage into the afterlife. On the inside of the coffin lid is the image of a woman. This figure is the goddess Nut, who represented the ancient Egyptian sky. She was thought to swallow the sun at night and give birth to it daily in the morning. Because of her association with the cyclical rebirth of the sun, she is also connected to the rebirth of the deceased in the afterlife.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Searching for Ancient Egypt: (1997 - 1997)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Book] Silverman, David P. 1997. Searching for Ancient Egypt: Art, Architecture and Artifacts from the University of Pennsylvania Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: 268-69View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Buhl, M. L. 1953. Three Egyptian Anthropoid Stone Sarcophagi, in 1953. Studia Orientalia Doanni Pedersen-Copenhagen. 54. : Page/Fig./Plate: 54 ff.View Objects cited in this Publication

You may also be interested in these objects:


See a problem? Let us know online.collections@pennmuseum.org

© Penn Museum 2016 Sitemap / Contact / Copyright / Disclaimer / Privacy / Upenn