University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Watson Kintner (1890-1979) was a Chemical Engineer with the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), where he was an early pioneer in the standardization of the vacuum tube. Over a period of 36 years he traveled to more than 30 individual countries, beginning in 1933. This subset of his travel films is from Afghanistan.


Number of Videos: 11

Weavers of Afghanistan

Family of Afghan weavers demonstrating carpet weaving techniques in the Harrison Rotunda at the Penn Museum. Presentation organized by Brian Spooner.

Shotlist

This film depicts the work of the Bad-Ghisi family, Turkmen Afghanis, who came to the United States and Penn Museum to demonstrate weaving techniques prevalent in 1973 in their area. The weavers were brought to the US by Brian Spooner and Mary Martin. The weavers visited Philadelphia for three months, from April to June 1973. Currently none of the family still live in Afghanistan. There is an article that gives background information on the weaving that is depicted in the film, published in Expedition Magazine in winter 1973, written by Dr. Spooner. The article can be accessed here: http://www.penn.museum/documents/publications/expedition/PDFs/15-2/Afghan.pdf

Time: 00:10:04
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Views: 117  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 39 of 40

Reel 39 of 40 Unedited travelogue Herat

Shotlist

Reel 39 of 40 Unedited travelogue Herat Cat. Reel 290 1965: Reel 39: Afghanistan. June 22-23. Herat. Smoke from a brick kiln. Old ruins. Interesting wall (Herat). Loom: stone warp weights: note length of warp: hand operated and powered. Large hand-operated reeling wheel. Ruins of old Herat: towers, walls, bits of mosaic. Market. Paintings by artist Ghory Tayman: 17 shots, several depicting ancient or medieval life (cu). Embroidery: 3 pieces (mcu, cu, xcu for each). Illuminated book of Mogul period, sixteenth century (mcu). Mr. Tayman's stone collection. Columns, some with old tile work: 4 on right are Mussalla (Seventeenth Century), 2 on left are Moghul (Shahrukh Merzh). Minaret: pan to top: note "band" in courses of small bricks. Tomb of Goharshad: design at top (distant). View outside tomb wall : ribbed, tiled brick hemisphere (100 mm) Dome from tomb courtyard inside the wall. Views around perimeter of tomb. Top of tomb. Detail of wall below dome, upward pan. Tomb interior: a very good mosaic (pan to ceiling, good color). Details of minaret near tomb (100 mm). Top of minaret.

Time: 00:18:03
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Views: 773  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 40 0f 40

Reel 40 of 40 Unedited travelogue Tomb of Khawaja Abdullah Ansari

Shotlist

Cat. Reel 291 1965: Reel 40: Afghanistan. June 23. Shrine, temple. Tomb of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari. Mosque: interior, exterior, wall and doorway mosaics, arches (some cu). Grave stones: detailed carved Arabic calligraphy (cu). Black burial vault: carved (mcu). Marble vault. Two carved gravestones in yard of shrine (cu).

Time: 00:04:31
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Views: 296  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 38 of 40

Reel 38 of 40 Unedited travelogue Herat Jam Majid

Shotlist

Cat. Reel 289 1965: Reel 38: Afghanistan. June 21. Herat. Jama Masjid. Mosaic tile in alcove (Jama Masjid). Mosaic details (cu). Minaret. Alcove. Minaret. Mosque exterior. Scaffolding on minaret. Mosque exterior. Tile (many cu). Courtyard: arched window or door (pan shot). Courtyard scenes. A gate. Minaret (ws). Top of minaret: note absence of tile. Metal cauldron molded with Persian script: note handles (xcu). Minaret (100 mm)pan. Mosaic shop attached to Jama Masjid Making mosaic design: chipping at clay pieces by hand Mosaic of 52 pieces: front and back views (mcu). Mosaic design stenciled on tile (mcu). Mosaic: front and back, showing loose pieces (mcu). Cut-out base or frame for mosaic, before tile insertion (mcu). Cut-out base: rear view. The four tools used in mosaic making (cu). Tile mosaic: prayer-rug design, 113 pieces of chipped tile. Polishing completed tile by hand (very underexposed). Prying completed mosaic form floor with crowbar. Polishing completed mosaic (much underexposed). Fitting tile bits into mosaic stencil. Shaping square tile bits: hand tool (cu). Drilling hole in tile: hand drill (cu). Chipping out a piece of tile, fitting piece into stencil design (cu) Boy filing edge of tile. Completed, polished piece of tile (cu). Mosaic shop: dark interior. Brick kiln: donkeys carrying dried bricks to kiln. Ruins in background: probably the source of clay. Scooping water to fill skin bags. Factory: general views. Old brick-built kiln. Sprinkling sand into brick mold, "slapping" in the moist clay. Clay vat: mound of clay and water to be mixed. Removing clay from mold.

Time: 00:18:02
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Views: 667  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 37 of 40

Reel 37 of 40 Unedited travelogue Andkhui Mazar-i-Shrif

Shotlist

Cat. Reel 288 1965: Reel 37: Afghanistan. June 16-21. Andkhoy. Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh. Shrine. Mosaics in alcove. Minaret (100 mm, mcu). Two mosaics: probably from a wall. Shrine entrance: pan to ceiling. Ceiling mosaic (good shot. 100 mm). Tile or wooden window (mcu). Alcoves. Carved wooden panel (cu). Prayer hall: interior. Calligraphy in Arabic - Quran. Arch or gate of Balkh Pan: structural details. Balkh Gate: collapsed dome and tile. The Green Mosque: still in good condition. Mosque dome: dark interior, but craftsmanship is evident. Old wall, towers. Arab nomads: open-ended tent. Tent and contents. En-route from Mazar-i-Shrif to Andkhoy Arab tribal girl with red scarf. Baby in swinging crib. Digging a well using pulley device (at Andkhoy). Market (at Andkhoy). Wooden camel saddle (cu). Wooden mortars for sale. Horses, donkeys. Skin water bag carried, over the shoulder. Round grass or mud hut shelter in field. Camel carrying two goats (mcu). Camel caravan carrying grain. Coffee shop: interior, note cup rack. Lorry to transport a broken-down car. Loading car in lorry: native men helping. Sorting Karakul skins at Maimana. Yurt camp. Wall of old city of Herat, in ruins. Jama Masjid Main gate. Minaret. Tile work (cu). Top of arch in alcove: details (cu). Quran calligraphy (cu).

Time: 00:16:53
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Views: 2,556  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 36 of 40

Reel 36 of 40 Unedited travelogue Kunduz Khulm Samangan

Shotlist

Reel 36 of 40 Unedited travelogue Kunduz Khulm Samangan Cat. Reel 287 1965: Reel 36: Afghanistan. June 14-16. Kunduz. Kholm. Samangan. Takhte Rustam Uzbek camp at base of mountain (pan shot). Circular wooden framework for top of yurt (cu). Yurt poles, side lattice, felt blankets. Yurts on plain ( pan.). Camping gear: blankets, dishes. Sheep tied to stakes (mcu). Yurt: lattice work bottom; A dog (mcu). Yurts. Tribesmen (cu). Uzbek plowing: wooden ox-pulled plow. Ruin, hut on hill. Ruins of Takhte Rustam: A Buddhist monastery renamed after the Achaemenid Persian King Stumps of palace pillars. Steps to palace. Cut stone base of pillar. Stonewall (cu). Site of throne. Base of pillar: square hole for dowel pin (cu). Flat stones: once a floor. Wall details. Base of pillar. Ruins, wall: general view: note "escape hole" in ruins (distant ws). Farming area: general view. Old man on mule. Loaded trucks: one on left carries matches from Russia. Harvesting wheat: stones hold sheaves in place. Farmer: heavy coat to keep him cool. String holds cap in place(cu). Man in turban (cu. 5 seconds are opaque). Foot-hold in a wall. Carved stone building with moat. Basin to catch water. Climbing a rounded wall using toeholds. Stone buildings within moat. Village at mountain base: stone or adobe houses, flat roofs. Water conduit: split log. Village: walls, rooftops (en-route to Mazar-i-Sharif from Samangan). Tangi Sayad [?] (Hunter's Gorge): red rock formation. In Kholm: Skin water bags for sale (mcu). Millstones for sale (made elsewhere). Pot making: the liner for an open vessel for baking bread (very complete sequence). Potter walking on clay to form flat sidewall of baking pot. Potter sprinkling sand, compacting it with round tool. Rolling up "blanket" sidewall, lifting to a vertical position, unrolling it (cu). Compacting the walls the now vertical "blanket" liner, using wooden paddle (cu). Narrowing the top opening using paddle (cu). Forming rim from clay coil (cu). Potter's tools (xcu). Completed wall liners for baking pots. Making clay vessel: a finished pot is used to shape bottom of pot in progress. Hand tools. Forming inside base of pot using wooden pestle. Making clay handle for vessel by hand. Vessel for sale. Camel herd on plain (ws). Shrine (at Mazar-i-Shrif): general view.

Time: 00:18:04
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Views: 923  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 35 of 40

Reel 35 of 40 Unedited travelogue Salang Pass Doshi Kunduz Hazrat Iman

Shotlist

Reel 35 of 40 Unedited travelogue Salang Pass Doshi Kunduz Hazrat Iman Cat. Reel 286 1965: Reel 35: Afghanistan. June 12-14. Salang Pass. Doshi. Kunduz. Hazrat Iman. Snow shed (Salang Pass). Tunnel entrance (ws). Winding road to pass. Tunnel exit. Bulldozer packing snow. Camel caravan. Local men in turbans (cu) . Small village and trail (distant shot from above). Rice paddies. Farmer stands on wooden sledge pulled by bullock to prepare rice paddy for planting. Tea room interior: men at tables. Metal worker hammering a dish (at Kunduz Bazaar). Stove: 3 blackened holes in wall. Metal worker working bowl with wooden hammer. Metal shop: man, boy, wares. Wooden "spoons" made from single piece of wood (cu). Wooden piping. Pottery section: street scenes. Tea shop: heating cups over stone or mud oven. Man with mustache (cu). Blacksmith hammering scythe on anvil. Strap-operated grindstone for scythes (cu). Boy pumping skin bellows by hand. Hot scythe, anvil. Cloth merchant covered head to toe with his wares. Meat market: hanging carcasses (pan-shot). Radio repair shop: repairman in turban. Outdoor soft drink stand: snow for ice. Cloth made of flat metal "threads" (cu). Pan balance scale at grain market. Putting meat on "kebab" and "Hebab" skewers. Charcoal fire in stone trough, for "Kebab." Street of tents. Metal vessels inside of metal ware shop. Turbaned man with pen, ink, books: possibly a letter writer. Camels with bags of grass. Tea shop selling ice cream. Patrons. Chickens held by young boy. Blacksmith's bellows: hand operated wooden wheel device. Mosaic decoration (on Shrine at Hazrat-e-Iman). Shrine interior: details. Goats, camels crossing road. Yurts: village or camp of Uzbek Tribe (ws). Yurt framework: lashed branches covered with reeds and mats or skins. Dogs. Uzbek man (cu). Tribesmen. Wooden mortar. Wooden dishes. Mended gourd pot with handle. Yurt framework (cu). Yurt sidewall: apparently woven reeds. Note felt. Top poles of yurt.

Time: 00:17:57
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Views: 930  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 34 of 40

Reel 34 of 40 Unedited travelogue Bamian Ruska

Shotlist

Reel 34 of 40 Unedited travelogue Bamian Ruska Cat. Reel 285 1965: Reel 34: Afghanistan. June 10-12. Bamian. Ruska [?]. Face of Pashtun girl: decorated waist, sleeve (cu). Girls: clothing, ornamentation (cu), Embroidery at girl's school: 6 pieces (cu). Metal vessel for heating tea water. Stove: apparently stone. Mending broken dishes: bow drill, small nails, using foot (cu). Donkey: slit nose to aid breathing. Rock salt for sale: pan scale. Boy cleaning metal vessel in gutter. Old man's face: note nose (cu En-route to Bad-i-Amir: Herd of sheep or goats (ws). Loading a donkey. Donkey train. Millstone, automatic mechanism to feed it grain: dark interior. Village of flat-roofed houses at base of mountain (pan). Outlook tower on hill. Donkey train with loads. Flat-roofed stone mill house, wooden water conduit Nomad camp. Crying baby with fancy hat, decorated vest. Tents. (good cu of baby). Baby with fancy hat. Family home of mud-brick or stone: wall, dome. Brush firewood on roof. Man in blue turban (cu). Stone huts. Small caravan. Large Buddha, small Buddha: in niches in cliff (distant). Open log water conduit (on river). Irrigation: man making channels with pole. Stone houses, brush firewood on roofs. Village panorama: barren mountains, distant snow. Round summer hut. Round hut with skin roof. Panjshir River Gorge Steep cliffs, narrow road, donkey train. River scene (ws). At Ruska [?]: Cantilevered log bridge (distant shot from above). Gardens. Waterfalls. Green patches in barren hills. Earthen wall around a field. Bazaar scenes: goods in stalls on street. En-route to Salang Pass: Camel caravan. Ruin on mountaintop. Flat stone houses on hill: note high walls of homes. Snow shed, snow covered mountains. Concrete snow shed (cu).

Time: 00:16:45
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Views: 1,518  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 33 of 40

Reel 33 of 40 Unedited travelogue Bamian

Shotlist

Reel 33 of 40 Unedited travelogue Bamian Cat. Reel 287 1965: Reel 36: Afghanistan. June 14-16. Kunduz. Khulm. Samangan. Uzbek camp at base of mountain (pan shot). Circular wooden frameword for top of yurt (cu). Yurt poles, side lattice, felt blankets. Yurts on plain ( pan.). Camping gear: blankets, dishes. Sheep tied to stakes (mcu). Yurt: lattice work bottom; A dog (mcu). Yurts. Tribesmen (cu). Uzbek plowing: wooden ox-pulled plow. Ruin, hut on hill. Ruins of Takhte Rusten: Stumps of palace pillars. Steps to palace. Cut stone base of pillar. Stonewall (cu). Site of throne. Base of pillar: square hole for dowel pin (cu) Flat stones: once a floor. Wall details. Base of pillar. Ruins, wall: general view: note "escape hole" in ruins (distant ws). Farming area: general view. Old man on mule. Loaded trucks: one on left carries matches from Russia. Harvesting wheat: stones hold sheaves in place. Farmer: heavy coat to keep him cool. String holds cap in place(cu). Man in turban (cu. 5 seconds are opaque). Foot-hold in a wall. Carved stone building with moat. Basin to catch water. Climbing a rounded wall using toeholds. Stone buildings within moat. Village at mountain base: stone or adobe houses, flat roofs. Water conduit: split log. Village: walls, rooftops (enroute to Mazar-i-Sharif from Samangan). Tangi Siah (?) (Hunter's Gorge): red rock formation (see K's notes). In Khulm: Skin water bags for sale (mcu). Millstones for sale (made elsewhere). Pot making: the liner for an open vessel for baking bread (very complete sequence) Potter walking on clay to form flat sidewall of baking pot. Potter sprinkling sand, compacting it with round tool. Rolling up "blanket" sidewall, lifting to a vertical position, unrolling it (cu). Compacting the wall of the now vertical "blanket" liner, using wooden paddle (cu). Narrowing the top opening using paddle (cu). Forming rim from clay coil (cu). Potter's tools (xcu). Completed wall liners for baking pots. Making clay vessel: a finished pot is used to shape bottom of pot in progress. Hand tools. Forming inside base of pot using wooden pestle. Making clay handle for vessel by hand. Vessel for sale. Camel herd on plain (ws). Shrine (at Mazar-i-Shrif): general view.

Time: 00:18:04
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Views: 1,777  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 32 of 40

Reel 32 of 40 Unedited travelogue Kabul Bamian Zohak (Red City)

Time: 00:18:01
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Views: 4,488  

Afghanistan 1965 Reel 33 of 40

This footage was filmed on June 14-16, 1965 by Watson Kintner for the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Learn more about eh Watson Kintner Collection here: http://www.archive.org/details/UPMAA_films Footage contains the following: Uzbek camp at base of mountain. Circular wooden framework for top of yurt. 
Sheep tied to stakes.
 Tribesmen. 
Uzbek plowing: wooden ox-pulled plow. 
Ruin, hut on hill. 
Ruins of Takhte Rusten: 
Stumps of palace pillars. 
 
Farming area: general view. 
Old man on mule. 
Loaded trucks: one on left carries matches from Russia. 
Harvesting wheat: stones hold sheaves in place. 
Farmer: heavy coat to keep him cool. Village at mountain base: stone or adobe houses, flat roofs. 
Water conduit: split log. 
Village: walls, rooftops (enroute to Mazar-i-Sharif from Samangan). 
Tangi Siah (?) (Hunter's Gorge): red rock formation 
In Khulm: 
Skin water bags for sale 
Millstones for sale. 
Pot making: the liner for an open vessel for baking bread 
Potter walking on clay to form flat sidewall of baking pot. 
Potter sprinkling sand, compacting it with round tool. Making clay vessel: a finished pot is used to shape bottom of pot 
in progress. Hand tools. 
Forming inside base of pot using wooden pestle. 
Making clay handle for vessel by hand. 
Vessel for sale. 
Camel herd on plain 
Shrine (at Mazar-i-Shrif) This film was digitized by www.archive.org All rights are reserved by the University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Any use of the footage in productions is forbidden unless rights have been secured by contacting the Penn Museum Archives at 215-898-8304, or email films@museum.upenn.edu. This film and all of the films in the Penn Museum collection are copyrighted by the Penn Museum, and are not in the public domain.

Time: 00:18:03
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Views: 9,258  


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