Objects in the Japan Gallery at the Penn Museum richly and colorfully illustrates the development and diversification of Buddhism in Japan after the 6th century. This diversity is represented by a wide variety of pieces, including a spectacular black, red, and gold lacquered sculpture of Fudo, the fiercest of the deities who combat evil. A beautiful gilt statue of Maitreya, the Buddha of the Future, illustrates the artistic heights reached during the 6th century CE in China, an important period in the development of Buddhism.
The Japan Gallery traces the development of Buddhism from China into Japan, touching on major schools of Buddhist thought, including Tendai, Pure Land, and Zen. These branches were based in Mahayana Buddhism which grew out of a shift in emphasis from the individual to universal salvation and elaborated on the idea of a bodhisattva, an enlightened being who postpones final Buddhahood in order to save all sentient beings.
The small sculpture in the China section of this gallery also serves as an introduction to the Buddhist works of art on display in the China Gallery.