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African Section

Early Modern Human Behavior at Smugglers' Cave, Morocco

Smugglers' Cave is one of the key sites of the Aterian stone tool industry with modern human fossils, shell beads, and stemmed stone tools. The Penn Museum began excavations there in 2006.

Elmina Bioarchaeological Project

The Elmina Bioarchaeological Project focuses on of the most important archaeological sites in Africa and spans the period of European contact, trade, and colonization.

Origins and Affiliations of the Swahili East African People

Who are the Swahili? Many avenues of research indicate that the cultural, technological, and biological ties of the famous trading peoples of the East African coast are more complex than previously imagined.

The Arrival and Expansion of Pastoralist Economies on the Laikipia Plateau

The Laikipia Plateau of Kenya, East Africa, was home to some of our earliest ancestors. Overlooking the Great Rift Valley, often referred to as the "cradle of mankind," it has evidence of hominid occupation from the Early Stone Age to the present.