Volume 22 / Issue 3


Issue Cover

On the cover: Photo from Satterthwaite, 1953. The lower fragment of Caracol Stela 3; an early use of night photography in Maya Archaeology.

The Uncertain Fate of a Princely Diversion

An Historical Survey of Tops

By: Douglas W. Gould

Sculptured on the walls of the palace of Ariris (formerly read Araras) at Carche­mish, ca. 780 B.C., is the representation of the king’s sons at play. Each prince grasps a whip in his right hand and holds a top in the left. A third top, perhaps 8 cm. high, upright and presumably spinning, is shown […]

Caracol Thirty Years Later

A Preliminary Account of Two Rulers

By: Carl P. Beetz

This year marks the beginning of the third decade since the University Museum began its interest in the ancient Maya site of Caracol, Belize. April 3rd will be the thirtieth anniversary of the day that Linton Satterthwaite first spied the siren Caracol sulking behind its curtain of forest. In early 1950, Satterthwaite was in the process of examining several ruins in the western part […]


Excavation of the Site of a Greek Colony in Southern Italy

By: Mauritizio Gualteiri

The problem of the contacts between the Greek colonists settled along the coast and in the fertile valleys of southern Italy and the native populations living in the mountainous hinterland has been a major point of interest for archaeologists work­ing in this part of the Mediterranean world. Thanks to the initiative and the constant work […]

The University Museum Acquisitions Policy

May 2, 1978

Whereas, in the spirit of the April 1, 1970 decision of the Board of Managers of The Univer­sity Museum of the University of Pennsylvania entitled “Regarding the Illicit Trade in Art Ob­jects,” The University Museum wishes to reiterate its support for the subsequent November T970 “UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibit­ing and Preventing the […]

The Pennsylvania Declaration

Decision of Curators of the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, April 1, 1970

The curatorial faculty of The University Museum today reached the unanimous conclusion that they would purchase no more art objects or antiquities for the Museum unless the objects are accompanied by a pedigree—that is information about the different owners of the objects, place of origin, legality of export, and other data useful in each individual […]

Stone, Tile and Timber

Commerce in Building Materials in Classical Athens

By: Homer A. Thompson

In a familiar passage of his essay, Ways and Means (1,4) Xenophon lists the natural resources of Attica. He praises the climate and the fruitfulness of both land and sea, then continues: “Nature has given her (i.e. Attica) an abundance of stone from which are fashioned beautiful temples and beuti­ful altars and goodly statues for […]

New Directions – Spring 1980

The Director Writes

By: Martin Biddle

In the next few numbers of Expedition I shall take a look at the Museum’s research in the field now and in the future. First, however, there is an immediate issue which faces everyone of us working in museums, and indeed everyone concerned with the investigation and explanation of the human past and the preservation of its remains. For over six years […]

A Rare “Jade” Book

A Manchu Emperor's Edict carved on Panels of Jade

By: Schuyler V. R. Cammann

Often a museum exhibition on a special subject will bring to light interesting objects in private hands. A casual visitor will see in the show something that recalls a similar or related thing in his own possession, so he will bring that in to discuss it with a curator, hoping to find out more about […]