Volume 15 : Articles

East Meets West At Dinner

By: Keith DeVries

The excavations and study by the late Erich F. Schmidt at Persepolis and by Machteld J. Mellink at Elmali in western Turkey have had an unexpected side benefit in that they have provided the evidence to help clear up a puzzling and even embarrassing problem in Greek antiquity. Thus, findings at a royal Persian building, […]

Urban Problems, Peruvian Style

By: Sabine Hargous-Vogel

In Latin America there never has been a real, total cultural fusion such as occurred in Europe where the Mediterranean basin with its firmly structured culture and demographic conditions has, for millennia, received waves of Asiatic migrants. On the contrary, in the New World Iberian culture was superimposed by aggression on the pre-Columbian cultures. Traditional […]

Moon-children of San Blas Islands

By: Marjorie Vandervelde

Travelers who visit the San Blas Islands, just off the Atlantic coast of Panama, are surprised at the high incidence of albinism among Cuna Indians who live there. These white-skinned (or white-to-yellow) individuals stand out like the proverbial sore thumb, among their brown-skinned relatives. The albinos are called Moon-children, on the theory that one or […]

Minoan ‘Fireboxes’ From Gournia

By: Hara S. Georgiou

The year 1900 favorably marked the official birth of Minoan Archaeology. A new field in ancient history, art and culture was about to open. Arthur Evans was beginning his excava­tions at Knossos; Federico Halbherr and the Italian team were at Phaestos. A young woman, Miss Harriet Boyd (Smith College 1892) ventured into recently liberated Crete […]

Theft and Vandalism

An Archaeological Disaster

By: Robert Reinhold

Archaeologists may have done their work just a little too well. They have sung the praises of ancient man so long and so well that the message ultimately sank in. So it is not wholly surprising that the public and the museums now want a piece of the action. Their demand and buying power have […]

Recent Excavations in Jerusalem

By: Alfred Friendly

Four years of intensive work by Israeli archaeologists in the Old City of Jerusalem—where professional expertise has been inspired by a close to mystic passion to uncover the Zion of their heritage—have met with exciting results. Especially around the Temple Mount, where once stood Solomon’s and Herod’s temples and the Roman temple to Jupiter and […]

The Radiography of Museum Objects

By: Charles F. Bridgman

The radiography of museum objects is not a new application of the scientific use of x-rays. In fact, in 1896, shortly after Roentgen discovered the x-rays, Doctor Konig radiographed a painting to detect alterations, marking the beginning of an application that is now a routine, valuable part of the total scientific examination of art and […]

Digging in Diocletian’s Palace

By: Sheila McNally

Since 1968 a team from the Town Planning Institute of Dalmatia and the University of Minne­sota has been excavating in Split, on the Adriatic coast of Yugoslavia. The excavation is part of a program of joint Yugoslav-American archaeolog­ical research supported by the Smithsonian Institution through foreign currency grants. Two things are outstanding about the site: […]

Gold Beads From the Gold Coast

By: David Crownover

Hutchinson, in his diary, part of Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, published by Thomas Bowdich in 1819, paints the following picture: This week past Apokoo and several of the captains (chiefs) have been making an exhibition of their riches. This is generally done once in the life by those who are in favour […]

Balloons, ‘Flying Mattresses,’ and Photography

By: Julian Whittlesey

Aerial photography has rapidly become one of the major weapons in the arsenal of the archaeologist. Man has left marks and scars on his planet which are often invisible to the naked eye, but which can often be perceived and plotted through aerial photography. The constant use of a trail or human building activities will […]