Volume 18 : Articles

Froelich Gladstone Rainey

picture of Froelich Rainey

By: Howard C. Peterson

A great period for the University Museum has been the 29-year directorship of Froelich Gladstone Rainey from 1947 to 1976. During that period the staff of the Museum trebled in size. Under his leadership the quality of research and scholarship of the Museum was enormously enhanced. He leaves as a fine heritage a curatorial staff […]

The Techniques of the Early Thai Metalsmith

By: Tamara Stech Wheeler and Robert Maddin

Archaeological research in Thailand during the past decade has produced evidence of an early bronze metallurgical tradition, the beginnings of which may date to the fourth millennium B.C. Excavations at Non Nok Tha and Ban Chiang have uncovered a wealth of metal artifacts, including ornaments and weapons, and material related to metalwork­ing, such as moulds […]

Archaeological Survey and Excavation of Ban Chiang Culture Sites in Northeast Thailand

By: William Schauffler

Human bones, bleached white by the sun or stained black by the soil are scattered about. Large painted pots with strikingly well executed designs and heavy, fused masses of bronze bracelets encircling the wearer’s arm bones are offered for sale. These are some of the unfortunate by-products of the archaeological research in Northeast Thailand that has revolutionized […]

Ban Chiang

A Mosaic of Impressions from the First Two Years

By: Chester Gorman and Pisit Charoenwongsa

Only a decade ago, Southeast Asia was regarded as a prehistoric cul-de-sac; that it might have been an important area in the development of early civilization was an unthinkable notion. In 1966, two most emi­nent scholars of Southeast Asian cultural history, Coedes and Groslier still accepted the standard theory that early sophisticated stone tools, pottery […]

University Museum-Thai Fine Arts Department Northeast Thailand Archaeological Project


By: James D. Muhly

In this issue of Expedition, designed to be some small tribute to Froelich Rainey for his many years of inspired leadership as director of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, we have the special privilege of publishing three articles dealing with recent archaeological work in northeastern Thailand, especially with material from the sites […]

The Museum as Forum

By: Sir John Pope-Hennessy

This article is based on a talk to the University Museum Fellows on November 6, 1975 by Sir John Pope-Hennessy, erstwhile Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum. From the time that curiosities were first assembled, it has been assumed that the purpose of collecting them was to assuage curiosity. When […]

Some Aspects of the Classical Heritage in Afghanistan

By: Elfriede R. Knauer

Afghanistan is a landlocked country, very mountainous and dominated by the Hin­dukush range which springs from the Pamir knot and reaches heights up to 7500 meters. It swings to the southwest to merge eventually in the chains of western Asia. The Hindukush, the ‘Indian Caucasus’ or the Paropamisades of the Greeks, forms the watershed between […]

Nippur Rebaked

The Conservation of Cuneiform Tablets

By: Ann Guinan and Gary Oller and Dorothy Ormsby

“The scribal art is the mother of orators, the father of masters, The scribal art is delightful, it never satiates you, The scribal art is not (easily) learned, but he who has learned it need no longer be anxious about it. Strive to master the scribal art and it will enrigh you. Be industrious in […]

The City of the Hawk

Seat of Egypt's Ancient Civilization

By: Michael A. Hoffman

The origins of civilization have long aroused scientific curiosity and inflamed the popular imagination. At least six different times—in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, China, Central America and Peru—civilizations have arisen indigenously in the last five thousand years. What are civiliza­tions, what do they share in common and why are they so important to modern […]

The Pastoral Nomads of Nigeria

By: Frank L. Lambrecht

No matter how far the town, there is another beyond it.” – Fulani proverb Little affected by western ideas and technology that are fast changing the traditional life of most African ethnic groups, the Nigerian cattle people of the north have stubbornly kept to their seasonal migrations as they have done for untold centuries. Pastoral […]