Volume 26 : Articles

Images From the Past

Thoughts on Bering Sea Art and Eskimo Culture

By: William W. Fitzhugh

Nearly fifty years ago Henry B. Collins com­pleted his now-classic study on the last 2000 years of Eskimo prehistory in the Bering Strait region of Alaska (Collins 1937). Excavating stratified middens on St. Lawrence Island, Collins discovered highly ornamented bone and ivory artifacts in the deepest parts of the middens. Above them were levels containing […]

An Eskimo Whaling Outfit From Sledge Island, Alaska

By: Susan A. Kaplan and Richard H. Jordan and Glenn W. Sheehan

In 1912 William B. Van Valin, an elemen­tary school teacher stationed in Sinuk, Alaska, ushered his students aboard the schooner New Jersey. The class sailed to Sledge Island, or Ayak, a small uninhabited island off the south coast of Seward Peninsula (see map on p. 5), to have a picnic celebrating the end of the […]

Whale Alley

A Site on the Chukchi Peninsula, Siberia

By: Mikhail A. Chlenov and Igor I. Krupnik

In August of 1976, a small group of anthro­pologists led by M. A. Chlenov discovered on the now uninhabited island of Ittygran in Senyavin Strait (Fig. 1) an amazing site that suggested the existence of an early Eskimo ritual complex. The site, eventually named ‘Whale Alley,’ was the focus of expeditions in 1977, 1979, and […]

Introduction – Winter 1984

By: Susan A. Kaplan

Eskimos and North American Indians first came to the attention of Europeans ca. A.D. 1000, when the Norse journeyed to the coasts of Greenland and North America. The Norse called the strangers they encountered on the shores “skraelings,” and noted that when skraelings were wounded they turned white but did not bleed (Gad 1971:88). Beginning […]

Geraldine Bruckner

An Appreciation by Past and Present Expedition Staff

By: Erle Leichty and James Muhly and Barbara Murray and Martha Phillips and Jennifer Quick and Bernard Wailes

Geraldine Bruckner, aged eighty-two and Expedition’s Associate Editor, died on 9 August 1983 after a short illness. It would be fair to say that The University Museum has lost an institution, as Geraldine had worked here continuously since 1921 and was a living respository of Museum history and lore. It was particularly appropriate that Geraldine […]

Alfred P. Maudslay: Pioneer Maya Archaeologist

A Review Article

By: Robert J. Sharer

A century ago the splendid ruins of Maya civilization, first made famous by the travel accounts of John Lloyd Stephens and the illus­trations of Frederick Catherwood published nearly fifty years previously, were the subjects of much speculation but little scientific knowledge. Today all that has changed due to the efforts of scholars in archaeology, linguis­tics, […]

Ceramic Stands

A Group of Domestic and Ritual Objects from Crete and the Near East

By: Philip P. Betancourt and Mary G. Ciaccio and Brigit Crowell and Jean M. Donohoe and R. Curtis Green

Cylindrical stands for pottery were used by several ancient cultures in the eastern Mediter­ranean, but their development among the Minoan of Bronze Age Crete was especially elaborate and interesting. By the latter part of the Late Bronze Age, Minoan stands were ornamented with snakes, horns, birds, multiple handles, and other attributes, going well beyond the […]

100 Years of Research

The Approaching Museum Centennial

The University Museum has tried over the years to encourage an awareness of the richness and diversity of human culture, both past and present, through its displayed collections and through continued research and publication. With the centennial of the Museum rapidly approaching—it was founded in 1887-a booklet was produced to accom­pany a display of Museum materials […]

‘The Highland Show’

Mount Hagen/Goroka, Papua New Guinea

By: Jordan M. Wright

The highland regions of Papua New Guinea were virtually unknown to outsiders until explorations during the 1930s revealed that hundreds of thousands of people were living there, speaking hundreds of languages, and subsisting largely by growing the sweet potato, which thrives at both low and high elevations. While trade objects from the coasts, even iron […]

Tarquinia Antefixes

A View of the History of an Etruscan City-State

By: Marilyn Goldberg

In The University Museum is a collection of architectural fragments from the Etruscan city-state of Tarquinia (Fig. 2), perhaps best known for the wall paintings of its archaic and classical tombs. The fragments in the Museum are part of a whole series of terracotta plaques that covered and decorated the exposed wooden beams of the […]