Volume 30 : Articles

About This Issue

By: Karen L. Mohr Chavez

This special issue of Expedition is pub­lished in honor of Dr. Alfred Kidder II ( 1911- 1984 ), former Curator of the American Section and Associate Director of The University Museum, as well as professor in the Department of Anthropology. Known for his contributions to South American archaeology before corning to the Univer­sity of Pennsylvania […]

Alfred Kidder II


By: Karen L. Mohr Chavez

Alfred Kidder II (called Alf, Alfie, Ted, or Teddy by family, friends, and col­leagues) was born on August 2, 1911, on Nantucket Island. He was the eldest of five children born to the pioneer Southwestern and Meso­american archaeologist Alfred Vin­cent Kidder (1885-1963) and Madeleine Appleton (1891-1981). The young Kidder attended the Noble and Greenough School […]

Raised Field Agriculture in the Lake Titicaca Basin

Putting Ancient Agriculture Back to Work

By: Clark L. Erickson

The remains of an extensive ancient agricultural system built and used by Andean peoples centuries ago are found throughout the vast high plain sur­rounding Lake Titicaca in the An­dean countries of Peru and Bolivia (Figs. 1, 2). Raised fields are large elevated planting platforms which provided drainage, improved soil conditions, and improved tempera­tures for crops. […]

The Significance of Chiripa in Lake Titicaca Basin Developments

By: Karen L. Mohr Chavez

Them site of Chiripa is located in Bolivia on the southern shore of Lake Titicaca. A series of structures revealed by exca­vation there have long been inter­preted as ordinary houses of a residential village belonging to a relatively localized culture named Chiripa after the site. Using avail­able published data as well as unpublished evidence, I […]

Archaeological Reconnaissance in the Province of Chumbivilcas, South Highland Peru

By: Sergio J. Chavez

Despite its close proximity to the city of Cuzco, once the capital of the vast Inca empire, the Province of Chumbivilcas has been relatively isolated and is little known archaeologically (see box on Archaeological History of Chuinbivilcas, and map on p. 3). Previous limited archaeological work in Chumbivilcas revealed five Pucara-style stone sculptures, far from […]

Late Ceramics from Pucara, Peru

An Indicator of Changing Site Function

By: Denise Carlevato

In the southern reaches of the Peruvian Andes lies a high, spacious plateau within the northern Lake Titicaca Basin (see map, p. 3). It is characterized by rolling topography of moderate re­lief, high altitude, and harsh climate: in general, it is dry and cold during the entire year, with rains exclu­sively in the months of […]

The Squier Causeway at Lake Umayo

Notes on Ancient Travel in the Northern Lake Titicaca Basin

By: Catherine J. Julien

When Ephraim George Squier embarked on his exploration of highland Peru and Bolivia in 1864-65, he rode on muleback across routes that had served travelers for cen­turies. His published accounts of these journeys are still of value to archaeologists in this century, pro­viding information about monu­ments that have since deteriorated. Squier made a special trip […]

Looking for ‘Lost’ Inca Palaces

By: Susan A. Niles

The Incas, at the time of the Spanish Conquest in 1532, occupied the largest of the native Precolumbian states, with an empire that stretched from Colom­bia to Chile. At the top of a complex hierarchy of administrators was the king, the ruling Inca, who was divine. The capital at Cuzco was the ceremonial and religious […]

The Conservation and Restoration of Red-figure Stamnos No. 48-30-3

By: Stephen P. Koob

The conservation and restoration of the red-figure stamnos 48-30-3 (University Museum collection) was undertaken with a view to returning the vase to a condition that best portrayed the original fragments, without deceit or undue restoration. The previous restoration, as noted by Ashmead and Phillips, had al­tered and added to the original so much that it […]

Early Buddhist Caves of the Western Deccan

Indian Long-Distance Trade in the Early Centuries A.D.

By: Himanshu P. Ray

Located along the western coast of India are a series of caves, some of them richly decorated, that were cut into living rock (Fig. 1). The primary function of these caves was to serve as Bud­dhist chapels and monasteries. In this article, we will not only describe these monuments, but also inves­tigate a second aspect […]