University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Volume 30 : Articles

Where in the World?

By: Robert H. Dyson, Jr.

Many people interested in The Univer­sity Museum ask from time to time about our research activities. To respond to these requests, Expedition publishes “Uni­versity Museum Research Projects“ (see p. 61). The range of these projects—in subject, space, and time—is great. During 1988, the Museum maintained an active program that included field research in 12 countries, […]

Snakes and Lions

A New Reading of the West House Frescoes from Thera

By: Karen Polinger Foster

In the Aegean Bronze Age, palaces and some private houses were richly decorated by murals depicting people, animals, and landscape features, as well as non­representational motifs. Unfor­tunately, only a small portion of these frescoes have survived. On Crete, the best-preserved Minoan wall paintings come from the palace at Knossos, while on the Greek mainland there are […]

Undoing the Past

Changing Attitudes Towards the Restoration of Greek Pots

By: Kyle M. Phillips and Ann H. Ashmead

When we first started work­ing on the publication of The University Museum’s Attic red-figure pottery for the Cor­pus Vasorum Antiquorum, Dr. Roger Edwards, then Curator of the Mediterranean Section, showed us a large, heavily restored vessel of a type called a stamnos by Classical archaeologists. After our initial ex­amination of the pot, it was sent […]


A Celtic Hillfort in Luxembourg

By: Ralph M. Rowlett

In southwestern Luxembourg, near the border where Luxem­bourg, Belgium, and France come together, the site called Titel­berg sits astride a hill that dominates the surrounding countryside (Fig. 1). Earthen ramparts standing in some places to a height of 9 m representone phase of the occupation—a late Iron Age hillfort built by Celts around 200 B.C. […]

The Sacred World of the Maya

Costumbre and Religion in Guatelmala

By: Ruben E. Reina

Dedicated to my friend and former student, Edwin C. Buxbaum Nothing is more real than the real; and that is why it is well for men to hurt themselves with the past—it is one road to tolerance. (L. Eiseley 1971:85) In the 15th century adventurous Iberian men crossed an unknown ocean, guided only by the faith […]

Formal Games in the Cherokee Ritual Cycle

By: Bonita Freeman-Witthof

The Scientific Study of Games The formal games of western civilization have intrigued generations of scholars (see Expedition Vol. 27, No. 2). Each set of games, such as dice games, board games, card games, and team sports, has a long and complex history, as it changed and evolved over thousands of years. When Europeans entered […]

Silver Reef Project: Creation of a ‘Historic Ethnography’ for a 19th Century American Mining Town on the Western Frontier

University Museum Research Projects

By: Robert L. Schuyler

Since 1981 the American Historical Archaeology Section of The University Museum has been running a project that alternates between digging in the ground and digging into archives. The Silver Reef Project is the first attempt to create an “historic ethnography”—as complete as possible a cultural reconstruction—of an American mining boom town in the 1870s and […]

Dayaks and Forests of Interior Borneo

By: Timothy C. Jussup and Andrew P. Vayda

Borneo, largest of the Greater Sunda Islands in the Indonesian archipelago (Fig. 2a,b) and the largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea), is home not only to the richest rainforests on earth but also to a fascinating diversity of peoples. We will be concerned mainly with this area and the varied social […]

Agriculture in Interior Borneo

Shifting Cultivation and Alternatives

By: Christine Padoch

Flying over the island of Borneo ( or Kalimantan as it is known to Indonesians), one feature of the landscape immediately catches the eye. The hills are a checkerboard of tall and short vegetation, of clumps of old forest on ridge-tops and tangles of newer growth in long valleys, of brilliant green plots of hill […]

Ibanic Textile Weaving

Its Enchantment in Social and Religious Practices

By: Richard Allen Drake

The weaving of attractive textiles is one of the freatures that distinguishes the Iabanic peoples of Borneo from neighboring Dayak groups. The peoples referred to here as Ibanic speak related languages and have similar cutures; they include the Iban proper (some-times called the Sea Dayak), as well as the Mualang, Kantu’, Sebuyau, and Seberuang. Traditionally, […]