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Volume 32 : Articles

Tombs and Burial Practices in Early Iron Age Crete

By: Geraldine C. Gesell and Leslie Preston Day and William D.E. Coulson

Tombs and graves have always been of particular interest to archaeologists for the informa­tion they provide about the people buried in them: the quality of their lives, their diet and health, as well as their customs, personal habits, and even their values—information these people never knew they would re­veal about themselves millennia later. In the […]


The Great Goddess and the Priest-King

Minoan Religion in Flux

By: Polymnia Muhly

The discussion of practically every aspect of Minoan civili­zation begins with the work of Sir Arthur Evans, who, almost half a century after his death, still casts a giant shadow over Aegean archaeology. Religion is certainly no exception: Evans’s ideas shaped much of the conceptual framework within which Minoan religious be­liefs and practices are still […]


The Stone Vessels of Pseira

By: Philip P. Betancourt

“Never…have I seen so many stone vases in so short a time.” Richard Seager, letter to Edith Hall from Pseira, 24 May 1907 Like a great many islands in other periods of history, the small Minoan islet of Pseira seems to have depended on its harbor and trade relations to com­pensate for poor land, few […]


North American Archaeological Work in Crete, 1880 to 1990

By: Joseph W. Shaw

The First Phase of Research The island of Crete with its rich Minoan and Classical civilization has been the field of intensive archaeological explora­tion for over a century. In the early part of the 19th century, English explorers with an antiquarian in­terest, such as Robert Pashley (1834) and Captain (later Admiral) T.A.B. Spratt (1851-3), located […]


Introduction – Winter 1990

By: Barbara J. Hayden and Jennifer A. Moody and Polymnia Muhly

Generations of historians, archae­ologists, anthropologists, and scien­tists have chosen Crete as the focus of their research. A combination of factors that pertain to Crete alone have engendered both this commit­ment and the resulting contributions to scholarship. The dramatic and rugged topography of Crete (relief up to 2400 m) and relative isolation (separated from the mainland […]


The Vrokastro Survey Project

Providing a Context for an Early Iron Age Site

By: Barbara J. Hayden and Jennifer A. Moody

Of the most dramatic coastlines in Europe is lo­cated along the northern shores of eastern Crete, where sea-weathered rock formations, promon­tories, and small beaches form the Bay of Mirabello. In 1986 a 50 ­square-kilometer area flanking the Bay was selected by Hayden for intensive and systematic survey. Two factors influenced this choice. Many surveys previously […]


Pastoral Life in the Mountains of Crete

An Ethnoarchaeological Perspective

By: Harriet Blitzer

Archaeological research in Crete has always maintained a tenuous and sometimes contrary bond with evidence of traditional human activity in the Cretan countryside. In early publications of scholars such as Harriet Boyd Hawes (1908:29-34), references to contemporary Cretan practices were used as reinforcement for cultural interpretations of Minoan remains. This unencumbered use of ethnography, frowned […]


Low-Altitude Aerial Photography in Crete

By: J. Wilson Myers and Eleanor Emlen Myers

As early as 1930, at the fortress tell of Megiddo, the biblical Armageddon, vertical bal­loon photographs were used to help interpret the unusually complex and confusing patterns revealed by that excavation. Made at lower altitudes than those possible from airplanes, such photographs recorded and pre­served details and relationships not always noticed at ground level and […]


Charcoal, Isotopes, and Shell Hoes

Reconstructing a 12th Century Native American Garden

By: Gail E. Wagner

Corn-based agriculture was established among the Fort Ancient Indians in the cen­tral Ohio River valley by the 11th century A.D. Beginning in 1978, the Dayton Museum of Natural History set out to reconstruct the sort of garden the Fort Ancient Indians would have grown at SunWatch Village, an A.D. 1180 stockaded settlement located in what […]


Southwest Pottery Artifacts on Tour

A Report from Conservation

By: Lynn Grant

Southwest Pottery Artifacts on Tour: A Report from Conservation The University Museum has had an active program of loaning artifacts to other public institutions since its earliest days and over the past few years has been developing a program of traveling exhibits from the Museum’s collections. The Conservation Department’s involvement in loans and traveling exhibits […]