University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Volume 5 : Articles

The Potter and The Farmer

The Fate of Two Innovators in a Maya Village

By: Ruben E. Reina

Chinautla is a small Maya town of approximately 1500 people, descendants of the Pokomam-speaking group which once occupied large portions of the southwestern part of the Guatemalan highlands. Today only a few thousand of these people are living in a handful of villages surrounded by Spanish and other Maya-speaking people. The Chinautlecos are located only […]

Saffron and Swan’s Grease

By: Kenneth D. Matthews, Jr.

Beauty may well be in the eye of the beholder but for thousands of years many persons have felt it appropriate to combat this philosophical thought by employing various techniques of deception, or perhaps we should say enhancement. As a result there has developed from time to time in the history of the world’s civilizations […]

Across the Peten to the Ruins of Machaquila

Photo of table-alter and men on the excavation team

By: Ian Graham

Any student of the Maya civilization will be aware of how incomplete a record there is of the ancient ceremonial centers of this people; quite large areas of the archaeological map are perfectly blank, and are likely to remain so for a considerable time, especially as there is no organized effort to correct the situation. […]

Sumerian Harvest Time

By: Miguel Civil

Busy with important researches such as establishing a tight chronological frame for Mesopotamian history, clarifying the role of the various gods in the mythology, or attempting to describe the psychological motivations of Sumerians and Akkadians, and with thousands of tablets still to be translated and edited, cuneiformists seem to have little time to dwell upon […]

An Unusual Winnebago War Club and An American Water Monster

By: Frances Eyman

In 1839, Caleb W. Pusey, scion of a prominent Philadelphia family, was in the Winnebago country of Wisconsin, taking part in a land claim settlement between the United States and the Indians. At Fort Winnebago Mr. Pusey acquired an extremely interesting war club, which came into our possession just last year. We know far too […]

Discoveries at Cyrene

By: David Crownover

“The parts of Libya about Cyrene,” as the King James version of the Acts of the Apostles styles it, at that time constituted a magnificent Greek colony of five cities. Cyrene has never been a popular travel Mecca. Lemaire, the French consul in Tripoli, visited the province in 1706. Another French traveler took the overland […]

The Field Laboratory at Tikal

By: Hattula Moholy-Nagy

Archaeologists spend much time and a good deal of money digging. They spend months in the field recovering and recording preserved material culture, in order to piece together the history and ways of life and vanished people. Yet recovering the story from the information resulting from excavation entails a great deal of time and effort, […]

A Migrant City in the Peloponnesus

Photo of acopolis across water

By: John H. Young

The excavations at Porto Cheli (ancient Halieis) are part of the Argolid Exploration Project of the University of Pennsylvania, under the direction of Michael H. Jameson, Professor of Classical Studies. The author of this article, John H. Young, served as Field Director in 1962. – Editor The easternmost peninsula of the Peloponnese, called the Argolid, […]

Archaeological Scrap

Glimpses of History at Ziwiye

By: Robert H. Dyson, Jr.

Letters are crossing a museum curator’s desk constantly from different and obscure parts of the globe telling of chance discoveries and requesting information as to the age, origin, or meaning of whatever happens to have been found. Usually the writer is an amateur collector who only vaguely describes the object at hand and almost never […]

Reconnaissance in Cyrenaica

By: Theresa Howard Carter

Late in August we assembled in the humid oil-bemused town of Benghazi, major city of Libya’s Cyrenaican province. The irrepressible Mediterranean lends its beauty to the natural harbor, along which many of the principal buildings front. Otherwise the city seems overlaid with the dust and paraphernalia of modern construction. We were five: Prof. Emily Vermeule, […]