Near East Section


Excavations of the University Museum Expedition, 1921-1923

By: Clarence S. Fisher

Volume XIV / Number 4

Those who had an interest in history or archaeology realized to some extent its great strategic value in the constant struggle for the control of the great highway between the east and west, which passed through the Valley of Armageddon. Its identification as the Bethshean of the Old Testament and as the Scythopolis of the […]

Darius and the Pseudo Smerdis

A Green Jade Relief. CBS. 14543

By: Leon Legrain

Volume XIV / Number 3

WHILE Cambyses led the Persian Army in Egypt, he was frightened by an obscure oracle at Buto, and sent back one of his officers to murder secretly his own brother Smerdis, whom he feared as a competitor. But who can avoid his destiny and escape the will of the gods? Another Smerdis was found, the […]

Some Seals of the Babylonian Collections

By: Leon Legrain

Volume XIV / Number 2

The seals and seal impressions are the real jewels of the Babylonian Collections of the Museum. Up to the present day, they number about 804 stone seals of various forms, 3 stone or metal rings, and 226 seal impressions on clay. They have been acquired since 1888, by purchase, by excavation mainly at Nippur, and […]

The Mesopotamian Expedition

Ur of the Chaldees

Volume XIV / Number 1

The Joint Expedition of the British Museum and the University Museum has been at work since November 1 at Ur of the Chaldees in southern Mesopotamia. It is about six miles east from the river on the edge of the Syrian desert and about eighty miles from Basra at the head of the Persian Gulf. […]

Archives Image # 165758

The Palestine Expedition

An Historical Inscription

Volume XIV / Number 1

Egypt between the years 1375 and 1315 B. c. passed through two revolutionary movements, a sweeping reformation and a sharp counter revolution, that mark that period of 60 years as one of special interest. It began with the accession of Akhnaton to the throne of the Pharaohs and his attempt to become the head of […]


By: Clarence S. Fisher

Volume XIII / Number 1

THE Beth-shean of Scripture, called Scythopolis by the Greeks and now the little village of Beisan, has been an object of scholarly interest ever since the modern scientific world turned its attention to the study of the history and topography of the Holy Land. It is true that Biblical references are meagre and later Classical […]

Arabic Art

This is not a treatise on Arabic Art but a notice directing attention to some examples in the University Museum that I obtained at Cairo and Damascus in 1919.

By: George Byron Gordon

Volume XIII / Number 1

The terms Mohammedan Art, Arabic Art and Saracenic Art are used by different writers to describe the work of artists who flourished in the Middle East between the 9th century and the 16th century and who were still active in the early part of the 17th century. The term Mohammedan Art is amply justified on […]

Abraham as the Inventor of an Improved Plow

By: James A. Montgomery

Volume IV / Number 2

In the Museum Journal, vol. I, p. 4, Prof. A.T. Clay published a reproduction and description of a most interesting seal device; that of an Assyrian plow, drawn by two oxen and attended by a gang of three men, one of whom is engaged at a funnel-shaped apparatus at the side of the plow. This […]