Modern Mongolia is a parliamentarian
democracy, meaning that the Mongolian parliament (Ih Hural
- State Great Assembly) is Mongolia's main legislative body. The
voters, who are Mongolian citizens of age 18 and older, elect members
of Parliament every four years. The elections are held by simple
majority rule, and polling is only valid if at least 50% of the
voters cast their vote.
The Prime Minister of Mongolia, the head of the government, presides
over the Ih Hural and forms the government, i.e., selects members
of the cabinet to head each ministry. The voters also elect a President
who is head of state for a four-year term.