University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: Andrew L. Goldman

A Roman Town Cemetery at Gordion, Turkey

By: Andrew L. Goldman

King Midas. The Phrygians. Alexander cut­ting the Gordian Knot. These are among the many subjects ordinarily associated with the site of Gordion (modern Yassihöyük), located along the banks of the Sakarya River approxi­mately 95 kilometers southwest of Ankara, Turkey (Fig. I). Only rarely does one think of Romans in connection with the ancient Phrygian capital, […]


A Rare Roman Trio: Octagonal Gemstones Excavated at Gordion

Research Notes

By: Andrew L. Goldman

Fascination with collect­ing Roman gemstones is nothing new. In Roman times, Pompey the Great was an avid collector, as was the Emperor Hadrian. Private collection of these luxury items has continued unabated, and most museums now contain a varying quantity of carved semiprecious or glass gems, often donated or pur­chased during the 19th and early […]


From Phrygian Capital to Rural Fort

New Evidence for the Roman Military at Gordion, Turkey

By: Andrew L. Goldman

At the age of 20, Tritus, the son of Bato, joined the Roman army as a soldier of the VII Breucorum Cohors Equitata, an auxiliary unit composed of cavalry and infantry which acted in support of a Roman legionary force. Like many members of the Roman auxilia, this young provincial was possibly drawn into a […]


To the Victory of Caracalla

New Roman Altars at Gordion

By: Gareth Darbyshire and Kenneth W. Harl and Andrew L. Goldman

Ask any archaeologist whether chance finds are a crucial source of information and the answer you will receive—if he or she is being candid—is yes. Chance finds perform a substantial role in helping us to reconstruct the past. Even with all our methodically planned excavations, our carefully strategized surveys, and our increasing scientific expertise, we […]