University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: David S. Reese

Treasures from the Sea

Shells and Shell Ornaments from Hasanlu IVB

By: David S. Reese

Shell is one of the most durable materials in the archaeologi­cal record. Shells and shell­fish have been used by man in numerous different ways—as food, a source of medicine, lime, and purple dye, for personal orna­ments, utilitarian objects, and vo­tive offerings. Shells found far from their natural source are also indica­tive of trade and culture […]


Men, Saints or Dragons?

By: David S. Reese

“There were giants in the earth in those days…” – Genesis 6:4 During the Pleistocene epoch of pre-history (three million to ten thousand years ago) many islands in the Mediterranean Sea provided the habitat of animals that developed in a unique fashion: they became either dwarfed or gigantic. For instance, there were dwarfed elephants (the […]