University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: Holley Moyes

In the Valley of the Eagle

Zhang-Zhung, Kyunglung, and the Pre-Buddhist Sites of Far Western Tibet

By: Mark Aldenderfer and Holley Moyes

At the beginning of the 6th century AD, the rulers of the Yarlung clan on the central Tibetan plateau met with other clan chiefs in the region to commit to a secret alliance. By sacred oaths, they pledged never to quarrel or to seek personal advantage and always to support one of their number as […]


The Heart of Creation, the Heart of Darkness

Sacred Caves in Mesoamerica

By: Holley Moyes and James E. Brady

Caves have been used as sacred spaces for thousands of years throughout the world. Nowhere is this better illustrated than in Mesoamerica, where ethnography, ethnohistory, iconography, epigraphy, and archaeology have all contributed to our understanding of the meanings of these spaces for pre-Columbian societies. Although cave use was noted as early as the 1840s—during Stevens […]