University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Author: Larissa Bonfante

West-Central Europe and the Mediterranean

The Decline in Trade in the Fifth Century B.C.

By: Peter S. Wells and Larissa Bonfante

The Problem Massalia, the Greek city on the site of modern Marseille, was founded about 600 B.C. by Ionian Greeks from the city of Phocaea in Asia Minor. The Phocaeans were known in the Greek world particu­larly as traders, and Massalia was estab­lished as a trading city. Unlike colonial settlements established by other Greek cities […]