University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Author: Mark Aldenderfer

In the Valley of the Eagle

Zhang-Zhung, Kyunglung, and the Pre-Buddhist Sites of Far Western Tibet

By: Mark Aldenderfer and Holley Moyes

At the beginning of the 6th century AD, the rulers of the Yarlung clan on the central Tibetan plateau met with other clan chiefs in the region to commit to a secret alliance. By sacred oaths, they pledged never to quarrel or to seek personal advantage and always to support one of their number as […]

Caves as Sacred Places on the Tibetan Plateau

By: Mark Aldenderfer

Although most of us think of Tibet as a high plateau riven by high mountain chains wide open to the skies, it has a deep, hidden, and underground dimension as well—numerous caves with extensive dark zones. Much of the plateau near Lhasa has a limestone geology, ca where natural processes create caverns and rock shelters. […]