University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: Mary M. Voigt

Village on the Euphrates

Excavations at Neolithic Gritille in Turkey

By: Mary M. Voigt

Along the northern edge of he Mesopotamian lowlands ies a piedmont zone con­sisting of rolling plains with grassy steppe vegetation and occasional stands of oak. This area, lying be­tween the mountains of the Ana­tolian Plateau and the arid steppeto the south, is sometimes called the “hilly flanks of the Fertile Cres­cent.” It provides excellent farm­land […]


Bread and Beer

Bread and Beer: The Early Use of Cereals in the Human Diet

By: Solomon H. Katz and Mary M. Voigt

This article has an intellectual history that begins with a fascinating exchange in the early 1950s. Robert Braidwood’s field work at Jarmo (see the intro­duction to this issue) led the botanist Jonathan D. Sauer to suggest that the earliest use of wheat and barley may not have been as flour for bread, but for beer. […]


Celts at Gordion

The Late Hellenistic Settlement

By: Mary M. Voigt

In 278 B.C., a group of Celtic immigrants crossed from the Balkans into Anatolia, or present-day Turkey. The long journey to the Bosporus from their European homeland had taken these wandering Celts, known as Galatians, through Hellenized states, where they settled temporar­ily as allies. The culture they established in Anatolia may have reflected Greek elements […]