University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Author: Michael A. Hoffman

The City of the Hawk

Seat of Egypt's Ancient Civilization

By: Michael A. Hoffman

The origins of civilization have long aroused scientific curiosity and inflamed the popular imagination. At least six different times—in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, China, Central America and Peru—civilizations have arisen indigenously in the last five thousand years. What are civiliza­tions, what do they share in common and why are they so important to modern […]