University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: Xiuqin Zhou

Excavations at Zhaoling, Shaanxi, China: More Light on the Museum’s Chinese Horse Reliefs

Field Experience

By: Xiuqin Zhou

In 2003 the Beilin Museum in Xi’an, China, informed the Penn Museum that an excavation was taking place at the site of Zhaoling in Shaanxi province. The author was permitted to visit the excavation, take photographs for research purposes, and publish this brief account. Zhaoling, the mausoleum of Emperor Taizong (reigned AD 626–49) of the […]


After the Fairs

World’s Fairs and the Development of Museums

By: Xiuqin Zhou

World’s fairs—also called exhibitions, expositions, or more recently expos— have had a great impact on the development of museums as institutions since the inaugural world’s fair 160 years ago. The first recognized world’s fair, the 1851 Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations in London, was directly responsible for the creation of […]